I need "Self-Reflection essay " 500-700 words long.It should be about my writing experince while I was writing three of my papers which should eventually become one big paper (my final reaserch paper). Below you will find detailed explanation what should be included in that essay and below that, you will find all three of my papers so that you know what those three papers are about.
Writing this essay will allow you to reflect on the shorter essays and the research paper you have written and your writing experience, as a whole, during the term.
Hints for writing this essay
Your essay should have a strong thesis and solid organization, with good transitions between ideas. When you write this essay, keep in mind that every statement must be supported with specific, relevant examples. It is not enough to say, I learned more about punctuation. If you want to discuss punctuation (or any other issue) be extremely specific.
Plan what you?re going to write. Consider writing an outline.
Consider how you?re going to organize your thoughts.
Write out your thesis before jumping into writing the body of the essay.
Use specific examples from your other essays to support your points. Quote them. Paraphrase them. Use them as evidence.
Leave time for revising and proofreading.
Questions this essay must answer
As you write this essay, please consider these questions. The instructor will expect you to cover all of them in the essay:
Which short essay (of the first three) did you feel was your best work? What elements of writing do you think made it your best work? For instance, did you feel a special connection to the topic or to the type of essay (explanation, evaluation, persuasion)? How did that help you to present and organize your work?
Describe how you brought together the first three essays when writing the research paper.
Do you feel you wrote a successful research paper? Why or why not?
As you went through the course, what writing concepts were new to you?
What concepts were you able to apply to your own writing, and what has been the effect? Quote your work as evidence.
How did the process of writing multiple drafts help your writing?
What aspects of your writing do you feel still need improvement, and what aspects do you feel you have improved?
Did you give your best effort? Why or why not?
Would others who are close to you believe that you have given your best effort? Explain.
Regardless of the grades you received, are you proud of the work you did in this class this term? Why or why not?
is one of the fundamental concepts in managing a business and it is often up to the budgeting
policies that the managers decides upon that will conclude if the company is going to make it in the industry or not. The budgeting
policy a company decides upon will show the top management team where the money is being spent and, even more importantly, it will show the team prior to the spending actually occurring.
If we refer to the four management functions (organizing, planning
, directing and controlling), budgeting
covers all four of them. Indeed, a responsible manager will be able to apply all four functions in what the budgeting
policy is concerned.
First of all, the top management will need to determine what the company?s budget
for the future period of time will be. This will need to take into consideration both the company?s possible revenues during this time and the expansion strategy that the team has decided upon. It may be the case that the management team has designed an expansion on the market that will take up more of the resources than otherwise. While this may be the case, the spending must be determined by realistic plans and future achievements.
Second of all, the top management team needs to organize the portfolio of projects and the investments it wants to develop in the subsequent period of time. Before the actual spending and investing begins, the company needs to have an organized set of future spending.
functions intervene in terms of properly determining the evolution of projects? costs in the period to come. Budgeting
helps plan projects? costs so that we don?t arrive at a situation where the company?s finance is overwhelmed by costs during a period of time.
In terms of directing, budgeting
ensures that the funds are used where they are most necessary. The controlling function ensures that the budget
and the budgeting
policies, previously established and decided upon, are fully respected. There is no point in having a healthy financial system within the company, corresponding to a well-planned budget
, if this budget
is regularly underestimated or overspent.
As we have seen from those previously presented, the budgeting
function within the company is not only intrinsically linked to management, but the main functions of management are also reflected in a company?s budgeting
A healthy budgeting
strategy will lead to a healthy financial situation of the company and a solid development strategy for the future. Budgeting
should be where every company strategy should begin.
is not really something that should be discussed, but rather something that every company should be using in order to properly evaluate its financial possibilities, as well as to plan ahead the company?s financial spending and investments, corroborated with any financial liabilities.
As analysts have pointed out, a budget
is simply a tool to increase your consciousness of how and where you spend your money and a guideline to help you spend your money on the things that are most important to you. These two components of a budgeting
definition should be showing us why budgeting
is so important and why everyone should be opting for it.
greatly helps with two different components. One of them is the fact that it shows where the money is actually going. In other words, the company using a budgeting
tool will know exactly the expenses it has assumed, as well as any investments it has committed to during a certain period of time.
Furthermore, the budgeting
tool is essential in determining projects which are actually essential for the company, in other words, projects which bring added value to the company. The logic behind this is quite simple: after determining how much you are
actually willing to spend during an investment or financial period, you need to decide what you want to spend the money on. Budgeting
helps here as well and, additionally, it
shows you how you can actually carry out the other projects which do not fit on the initial list. Budgeting
should be considered a long-term strategy, with all the implications this brings about. In this sense, we should point out towards the fact that budgeting
shows a concern for the long-term evolution of the company, projects that could bring significant revenues in the future.
Nevertheless, we may consider some of the negative implications that budgeting
could bring about in the company. One of these refers to any long-term projects, where the initial evaluation did not lead to the expected result. We may have, in this sense, projects that have been included in budgeting
schemes, projects for which money has been allocated and which, in time, do not achieve the expected results and returns.
While such an evaluation may be true, this does not deny the fact that a large proportion of projects that have been included for the budgeting
evaluation will have resulted in good returns for the company. Additionally, project which are not successful do not necessarily reflect a bad budgeting
strategy, so they should not be considered an evaluation tool.
Overall, we may point out towards the fact that a proper and well-worked budgeting
strategy is bound to bring about a healthy and successful financial situation within the company.
Fowles, Deborah. Guilt-free Budgeting
: No Blame, No Shame. About ? Financial Planning
. On the Internet at
Fowles, Deborah. Are Budgets
for Sissies? About ? Financial Planning
. On the Internet at
?One of the most important functions that budgeting
accounts for is the planning
function?(ppt#1). We will be arguing for the importance of the planning
function in the overall budgeting
activity and will be arguing for the many ways the budgeting planning
function is coordinating with the company?s strategic planning
First of all, the planning
function in terms of budgeting
refers to the planning
activities that the company, starting with the financial department, needs to (1) determine what the company?s long-term strategy is, (2) determine what projects bring most added value to the company and (3) determine what priority these projects should have.
Let?s refer to each of these steps in part and determine how they impact the budgeting
strategy of a company. The long-term strategy for a company is
essential in determining the overall objective of a company. For the long run, this may be increasing the volume of sales or increasing the market share or promoting the company?s image. In any case, these differ in terms of the projects they will imply and the ways they will be affecting the budgeting
For example, increasing sales will perhaps only include increasing spending on advertising and the promotion budget
, while promoting the company?s image may include costly promotion campaigns that will have a significant impact on the company?s budgeting
The second issue is a project portfolio management issue. The economic theory tells us that the resources are always limited, while the needs are not. Applied in this particular case, this means that we are always likely to have a greater number of projects we will wish to perform than the financial resources the company will have at a certain point.
This is where the selection issue, corroborated with the budgeting
strategy comes in the game. The top management, working with the financial department, will need to establish which projects bring highest added-value to the company and to spend the company?s budget
on those alone.
The selection phase can only come hand in hand with a proper planning
of the budgeting
activity. On one hand, we have the projects the company wishes to perform, on the other, we have the budgeting
restrictions. In terms of budgeting planning
, the company and the top management needs to ensure that
the projects deriving from the current selection will also have sources of financing. We will simply take a software project. In the beginning, the primordial activities refer to selecting the working team and creating a project on which work will be done (following the customer?s requirements). On the other hand, while the initial part of the project is strictly related to the programming stage, one must not ignore the fact that, after the project is completed, a tester also needs to be hired in order to test the project?s performances. This means that the initial budgeting
scheme will need to be created so as to include several other subsequent factors, factors that are likely to appear at a certain time in the future.
Finally, the third phase of the selection phase, correlated with the budgeting
procedures, involves deciding on the projects? priority. This is basically an issue of deciding which of the projects bring added value to the company and to the company?s activities. This means that planning
policy also needs to consider the future plans in the company. If the company will want to develop different areas into the future, then the budgeting
campaign needs to be designed so as to cover any future needs of the company. This is practically what the planning
function in terms of budgeting
The argumentation we have previously presented practically comes forth so as to demonstrate the close connection existing between budgeting
and budget planning
and the company?s overall planning
strategies. Indeed, the budgeting
policies serve to help the company fulfill its long-term plans and projects, as well as short-termed ones. In this sense, the company planning
strategy needs to be fully correlated with the budgeting planning
, otherwise there will be no financial support for those plans.
Among the management functions we already know about we can also include the budgeting
function because, in my opinion, all the others cannot properly function without it. You cannot have a successful planning
or organizing within a company without correlating these with the budgeting
function, in order to obtain the realistic backup of any project.
go, in this sense, hand in hand, and you cannot really have one without the other in the company.
The Training and Technical Assistance Division. Budgeting
Techniques. On the Internet at http://www.tcada.state.tx.us/training/presentation/ppt/BudgetingTechniques.ppt#1
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