Research Paper Guidelines
_Prospectus/Annotated Bibliography Due: Monday, October r5, 2oa2
-nough Draft Due: !!'ednesday, November r4r zoaz
Tinat Draft Due: Monday, December 1tl, zorz (No LATE PAPERS
Points Available : Prospectus/Annotated Bibliography-s o points,
Rough Draft-roo, Final Draft-aoo
, Length: 6-8 typedpages of text, double-spaced (not includingthe
bibliography or €over page)
Cover Page with your name and. a title for your paper
Double-spaced" pages with page numbers in qne of the corners
Nprmal Margins and Normal Size Fqnt (size ro-rz)
Throughout this semester, we have and will explore a variety of topics. Now that we are
at midterm, I would like you to begin thinking about a topic that you would like to
explore in more depth. Your task here is to research a particular topic within the timeperiod
and geographic region of the class and then write a formal, polished research
paper. As you begin this process, remember that a formal history paper is tightly
structured with a clear, precise thesis, Iogical, detailed paragraphs that include vivid,
specific evidence. Your paper should also be free of grammatical and mechanical errors.
In other words, this essay should reflect your best writing.
Step r-- Choose a Question &Write a Prospectus
Choosing a topic can be difficult. The topic needs to be not too big (that you could write
a several volume encyclopedia on) but not too small (that you only have one page to say
about it). And the topic needs to interest you! To get some ideas, look through your
textbook, browse the internet, talk to me and explore a library. After some initial
research, please complete a prospectus. Basicallyyou witl teil me the following:
1. Rough Topic Choice
2. Research Question: What do you want to find out?
A guess to the answer to your research question. This is called your "working
thesis" because it may change after you look at the research more fulIy.
A tentative list of points that you would like your paper to make in order to
support that thesis. I expect at least 4 tentative points listed in the prospectus to
earn full credit.
As you work on this prospectus, please note that it asks you to write a thesis-a central
statement that will guide your research. This statement should be in direct response to
your researchq uestion. If you needh elp on any part of thesep rocessesp, leasec omes ee
Step z-Find Supporting Historical Evidence (Annotated Bibliography)
I strongly recommend going to a library. Throughout your college career, knowledge of
how to use the library and researchv arious topics will aid in your successg reatly.
NgVEn QUOTE OR PARAPHASE \ ruKIPEDIA. But you may use Wikipedia to get a
rough idea of what was going on around your chosen topic. Use other websites like
Google scholar, to find articles about your topic. Go to a library and find books that
might cover your topic or have a chapter that covers your topic. After you find at least 3
different sources, you need to make an "annotated bibliography," which means you list
all your sources and then you write t-z sentences about what each source offers you in
way of answering your research question and supporting your thesis. See the example
below of a typical entry to an annotated bibliography:
Spielvogel, Jackson J. We,stern Civilization. NewYork City: Thomson
Wadsworth Publishers, 2oog.
transition from the Middle Agest o the Renaissanceth us will be very
Neither the rough draft nor the final paper need annotates for each bibliographic entry.
Step 3-- Organize and Write Your Paper
Write an introduction that tells the reader a little about your topic and give your thesis
statement at the end of the introduction paragraph. If an introduction is difficult for
you to write, then just state your thesis and start with the body of your paper. Now, use
the paragraphs to logically explain your thesis with supporting reasons, examples, and
details. Remember that you need to use Chicago-style citations (footnotes-see handout
on how to do this format of citation) to tell the reader where you got all your
information. Assume that the reader wants to know where you got every single fact and
idea (nothing is common knowledge, not even that George Washington was the first
presidento f the United States).U set opic sentencesto organizep aragraphsa nd link
them to your thesis. To achieve the recommended length, it is quite likely that you will
need to do a fair amount of research. If you are citing correctly, you should have at least
3 citations at the bottom of each page. If each page has between a quarter and half with
footnotes, then you are doing fine. Along with the footnotes throughout the paper, you
need a bibliograpLy that includes every single source that you even glance at (include
sources that you did and did not quote or paraphrase). ihe bibliography is in place of a
Step 4--Conclude and fotish Your Paper
Finally, write a concluding paragraph that brings your paper artfully to a close. After
finishing an initial draft of your paper, you maywant to go to the writing center to get a
assignment sheet with you so that your tutor can help you as much as possible. Finally,
when you are pleased with the content of your essay; be sure to proofread carefully. If
grammatically correct English is a problem for you, be sure to find a friend r,vhoi s good
at English or go to the writing center. Throughout the process, be sure to ask me for
help if you have problems or concerns. I'll be glad to help you.
Common Grammar and Spellinq Errors
. No first or second person, meaning do not use the foilowing words: "I",
uriyr" u[ner' no:uirr' uyotJtr" ttyour" *yoursr" ou.s." Without using these taords,
Aour paper will sound like a stronger argument because historians are
skeptics, and theg uill always ask the question, "tahg sLnuld I belieue
o Also, this paper is a professional piece of work, and when you use
first or second person, it sounds much less professional or formal.
o No contractions, meaning do not use: "don'tr" "didn'tr" "isn't," "wasn't,"
ul'rrr,n" let's," etc. Instead, write out both words: do not, did not, is not,
was not, I am, let us, etc. The onlg time that a' (quote mark) should be
used is uthen Aou are stating that something belongs to someone else, Iike
"Julius Caesar's best friend..."
o Capitalization, meaning make sure the first letter of every sentence is
capitalized and proper nouns (like Miria, or the Renaissance).
Chicago Manual of Style
Footnote citations: Each time you quote a work by another aythol 9r us9 the ideas of another author'
t"dt""te the source with a footnote. A sma-llnumber written in superscript directly
iollowing the borrowed material indicates a footnote in the text of your paper. Each new footnote gets a
1-r"* rrrrirb"r (increment by one); do not repeat a footnote number you've already used, even if the
earlier reference is to t]:e same wori<. The number refers to a not6 number at the bottom of tJre page.
This note contains the citation information for the materials you are referencing. Do not use
parenthetical or other citatioh formats. The citation format you should use for history papers is called
euoling sources in vour paper: Most often, you should paraphrase materials f.rom other authors,
particriiarly poignant or important, you will want to present those words directly to your reader' There
toi"" of quoting iraterial, which can be found in Chicago style handout. Here are some basic
rules to get you started:
. When qubting others, any words of another author are placed between double quotation
in the original. Do not put any words t]rat do not appear in the
original between quote marks. t
. Never simply d.rop a quotation into your paper. Quotations must be integrated into your own
prose. Intioiuce youi speaker to your readers, so tJrey will know whom you are quoting.
General RuIe of Thumb for Chicago Style Foobrotes is as follows:
Last Name, First Name ltalizedTitte (Locanon of Press: Press Name, yeat),page number'
The following are examples of different types of sources:
Book with One Author:
D""ig*, W"" dy. Splitting 171p2ii fference(C hicago:U niversity of ChicagoP ress,1 999),47.
Book with Two Authors:
Weixlrnann, Joe and Houston A. Baker, Jr., eds. Black Feminist Criticism and Criticsl Theory (Greenwood,
FL: Penkevitle Publishing Company, 1988), 56.
Editor, translator. or compiler instead of author
Lattimore, Ricjrmond, tr arts, Tlrc ltind of Horner (Chicago: University of Chicago Ptess, 1951), 13 .
Artide in a print journal
f'.ff.r, At dtew. ';Pragmatism, Feminism, and Democracy: Rethinking the Pottics of American
Tlistory," I oumal of American History 89 (March 2003) : 1'612'
Article in an online iournal
Bartholomeusz, Tessa. "In Defense of Dharma: ]ust-War Ideology in Buddhist Sri
Lar*a,',lournato f BuddhistEtltics6 (1ggg),[ e-journal]
(accessed1 5 February 1999).
NAACR "Legal Abfatrs,N" AACP Onlinef homepageo nline]; availablef rom
http:/ /www.naacp.org/programs/Legal.htrnl Irrterneu accessedM ay 3,1999.
THIS INFO IS THE RESULT OF A SCAN OF THE GUILDLINES FOR THIS PAPER, YOU ARE GOING TO HAVE TO READ THRU THE MISTAKES CAUSED BY THE SCANNING. I HAVE ALREADY DONE THE PROSPECTUS W/ THE ROUGH TOPIC CHOICE BEING BENEDICT ARNOLD. THE QUESTION IS: WHY DID HE DO IT? MY ANSWER IS; BECAUSE OF THE COMBINATION OF A SERIES OF EVENTS THROUGHOUT HIS LIFE WHICH INFLUENCED HIM, IN THE END, TO TAKE CARE OF #1 FIRST. MY 4 TENETIVE POINTS ARE: 1.) THERE WAS ALOT MORE THAT CAUSED HIS DEFECTION THAN JUST THE INFLUENCE OF A WOMAN. 2.) HE WAS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED, AND FEARED OF AMERICA'S REVOLOUTIONARY MAJOR GENERALS. 3.) IN-FIGHTING AND JEALOUSY PLAYED A MAJOR PART IN HIS DEFECTION. AND 4.) HIS ABILITIES AS A REVOLUTIONARY LEADER WERE FAR SUPERIOR TO THOSE BEING PROMOTED AROUND HIM, HE WAS AN OUTCAST.
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