Beethoven's childhood." All about Beethoven. 2006. April 2, 2007. http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/beethovenchildhood.html
Grove, George C.B. Beethoven and His Nine Symphonies. 3rd ed. New York: Dover Publications, 1962.
Kinderman, William. Beethoven. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Symphony No. 5" All about Beethoven. 2006. April 2, 2007. http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/symphony5.html
Symphony No. 6" All about Beethoven. 2006. April 2, 2007. http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/symphony6.html
Symphony No. 7" All about Beethoven. 2006. April 2, 2007. http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/symphony7.html
Symphony No. 9" All about Beethoven. 2006. April 2, 2007. http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/symphony9.html
The majority population of Flanders (the northern part of Belgium) is known as Flemish. Beethoven's Flemish background is the reason for his middle name "Van" instead of the more common German "Von."
Ludwig was actually more than seven at the time.
Neefe also became an important role model for Beethoven, helping to fill the void created by his difficult relationship with his father
Such as Antonie Brentano, the wife of a Frankfurt merchant and a mother of four, for whom Beethoven wrote his famous letter, "Immortal Beloved" in 1812 but never sent it
Beethoven had recently discovered his hearing problem, which distressed him greatly
When he got engaged to Countess Theresa Brunswick in May 1806 (Grove, 140)
The Ode to Joy" is the title of a poem by Schiller, written in 1783 and Beethoven, like many other Germans, was immensely inspired by it
Huscher, P. (2007). Program notes: Ludwig von Beethoven. Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved July 7, 2008 at http://www.cso.org/main.taf?p=5,5,5,104
Blackburn, John P. The Life and Works of Beethoven. New York: Modern Library, 2003.
Ludwig Van Beethoven." Classical Music Pages. 2000. Internet. Retrieved November 3, 2008 at http://w3.rz-berlin.mpg.de/cmp/beethoven.html.
Morrison, George T. Beethoven: Biography of a Musical Genius. New York: Random House,
Classical: Musical Context." The Essentials of Music. 4 May 2008. http://www.essentialsofmusic.com/
Lane, William. "Beethoven: The Immortal." 16 Jan 2006. 4 May 2008. http://www.lucare.com/immortal/
Ludwig Van Beethoven." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 4 May 2008. http://plus.aol.com/aol/reference/Beethove/Ludwig_van_Beethoven?flv=1&ncid=cDaKHfNCCG0000000555&icid=rbox_ref_center.M
Prevot, Dominique. "Biography: Beethoven's life." Ludwig van Beethoven's website. 2001. 4 May 2008. http://www.lvbeethoven.com/Bio/BiographyLudwig.html