Battle Of Midway Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Battle Of Midway College Essay Examples

Title: Need a total 8 sources 3 primary paper citations included text quotes paraphrasing No title page works cited MLA Below annotated bib If a sources grand THESIS The American victory Battle Midway proved a turning point war Japanese Empire restoring American naval supremacy Pacific Ocean

  • Total Pages: 9
  • Words: 3803
  • References:8
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Need a total of 8 sources (at least 3 primary)

paper must have some citations included in text, along with quotes and paraphrasing.

No title page

works cited in MLA

Below is annotated bib. If you could use a some of the sources that would be grand.

THESIS: The American victory at the Battle of Midway proved to be a turning point in the war against the Japanese Empire by restoring American naval supremacy in the Pacific Ocean.

ABSTRACT: The Battle of Midway, a naval battle fought near the Central Pacific island of Midway, was the most important victory for the United States in World War 2. Before this battle Japanese forces were on the offensive, gradually capturing territory throughout Asia and the Pacific. Japan was now the dominant naval force after severely damaging the U.S. Pacific Fleet during the attack of Pearl Harbor six months prior. Japan was convinced that they were now in position to expand their empire in the Pacific, and Midway was the next strategic move. By capturing Midway the Japanese planned to use the island as an advance base, and hoped to further decimate the U.S. Pacific Fleet into eventual surrender. However, successful American communication intelligence resulted in breaking codes that provided crucial information on Japan's strategy to attack Midway. Being prepared for the conflict the U.S. Pacific Fleet were able to surprise Japan by being in position prior to the strike. This resulted in the sinking of four Japanese aircraft carriers, while losing only one carrier of their own. By successfully defending Midway, and by essentially wiping out the air power of the Japanese Fleet, the U.S were able to regain Naval supremacy in the Pacific and focus their attention on the Europe-first strategy to eliminate the advance of the Third Reich in the European theater of the war.

Basically, the paper is a historical analysis of the Battle of Midway, and its importance during WW2.

Bowen, James. Despite Pearl Harbor, America Adopts a 'Germany First' Strategy. n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2011.

The website article by James Bowen discusses how United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was persuaded by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to adhere to the "Germany First" war strategy after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. The article explains that the "Germany First" war strategy was not announced to the American public because it would have been an admission that America's army in the Philippines and the U.S. Pacific Fleet would be abandoned to its fate in the event of a Japanese attack. The victory at the Battle of Midway was crucial in enabling Roosevelt to maintain full attention on both fronts of the war.

Buell, Thomas. The Quiet Warrior: A Biography of Admiral Raymond A. Spruance. Boston: Little, Brown, 1974. Print.

Admiral Raymond A. Spruance commanded US naval forces during the Battle of Midway. His leadership of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during the battle resulted in sinking four Japanese Fleet carriers along with destroying 322 airplanes. Thomas Buell takes an in-depth look into Spruance's decision making at Midway. He also gives detailed insight of Spruance's take on the Battle.

Pearl Harbor to Midway. Dir. Edwin Newman. Atlas Video, 1989. Film.

Director Edwin Newman's film explains how the United States was caught by surprise on the morning of December 7, 1941, when the Japanese Navy attacked the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack resulted in the United States declaring war on Japan. After Pearl Harbor and the start of the war, the Japanese Navy continued on the offensive by gradually capturing territory throughout Asia and the Pacific. The film details how the attack on Pearl Harbor severely damaged eighteen American warships, destroyed or damaged 347 aircraft, and left 2,403 dead on the ground. These American losses convinced Japan that they were in position to expand their empire further by attacking the island of Midway.

Prange, Gordon. Miracle at Midway. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982. Print.

Gordon Prange's book gives eyewitness accounts from the men on both sides who fought in the Battle of Midway. It describes how crucial intelligence gathering by the U.S. Pacific Fleet was paramount to America's success in the battle. The narrative also recalls the action and shows

exactly how American strategies and decisions led to their surprising victory against the heavily favored Japanese Navy.

Till, Geoffrey. "MIDWAY: The Decisive Battle?." Naval History 19.5 (2005):32. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 24 Oct. 2011.

The article by Geoffrey Till focuses on the Battle of Midway as not being the turning point of the war in the Pacific Ocean that many deem it to be. Till explains his feelings on the subject by pointing to many underlying factors that would have still enabled the United States to achieve victory in the Pacific, as well as an overall victory against the Japanese.

Tully, Anthony, and Jonathan Parshall. Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Virginia: Potamac Books, Inc, 2005. Print.

Authors Anthony Tully and Jonathan Parshall offer interpretation on the Battle of Midway from the Japanese perspective. The book highlights many of the mistakes made by the Japanese at Midway, and it also describes the state of the Japanese Navy after the conflict. This material provides insight into Japan's own documentation, and forces a controversial reevaluation of key events that took place during the battle.

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Bicheno, Hugh. Midway. London: Cassell, 2001.

This book provides an overall review of the Battle of Midway. It pays particular attention to the strategic errors made by both sides and how those errors contributed to the battle's outcome.

Bowen, James. "Despite Pearl Harbor, America Adopts a "Germany First" Strategy." 8 October 2009. America Fights Back. 25 November 2011 .

The website article by James Bowen discusses how United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt was persuaded by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to adhere to the "Germany First" war strategy after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. The article explains that the "Germany First" war strategy was not announced to the American public because it would have been an admission that America's army in the Philippines and the U.S. Pacific Fleet would be abandoned to its fate in the event of a Japanese attack. The victory at the Battle of Midway was crucial in enabling Roosevelt to maintain full attention on both fronts of the war.

Buell, Thomas. The Quiet Warrior: A Biography of Admiral Raymond A. Spruance. Boston: Little Brown, 1974.

Admiral Raymond A. Spruance commanded U.S. naval forces during the Battle of Midway. His leadership of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during the battle resulted in sinking four Japanese Fleet carriers along with destroying 322 airplanes. Thomas Buell takes an in-depth look into Spruance's decision making at Midway. He also gives detailed insight of Spruance's take on the Battle.

Fuchida, Mitsuo, & Masatake Okumiya, Raymond A. Spruance, Clarke H. Kawakami, Roger Pineau, Thomas B. Buell. Midway: The Battle that Doomed Japan, the Japanese Navy's Story. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2001.

This book provides insights into Japanese perspectives on the Battle of Midway. Two of the authors are Japanese aviators who participated in the battle and they offer their opinions on how the battle changed the fortunes of the War. The book explains how the Japanese operations at Midway were ill conceived and poorly planned.

Lundstrom, John B. First Team: Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway. Annapolis, MD: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 2005.

In this book the author examines the impact of the air warfare in the Pacific primarily from the view of the carrier pilots. It explains the early problems that the air squadrons faced and how they adjusted. He reviews the significance that air warfare played in the outcome of the Battle of Midway.

Pearl Harbor to Midway. Dir. Edwin Newman. 1989.

Director Edwin Newman's film explains how the United States was caught by surprise on the morning of December 7, 1941, when the Japanese Navy attacked the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The attack resulted in the United States declaring war on Japan. After Pearl Harbor and the start of the war, the Japanese Navy continued on the offensive by gradually capturing territory throughout Asia and the Pacific. The film details how the attack on Pearl Harbor severely damaged eighteen American warships, destroyed or damaged 347 aircraft, and left 2,403 dead on the ground. These American losses convinced Japan that they were in position to expand their empire further by attacking the island of Midway.

Prange, Gordon. Miracle at Midway. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982.

Gordon Prange's book gives eyewitness accounts from the men on both sides who fought in the Battle of Midway. It describes how crucial intelligence gathering by the U.S. Pacific Fleet was paramount to America's success in the battle. The narrative also recalls the action and shows exactly how American strategies and decisions led to their surprising victory against the heavily favored Japanese Navy.

Tully, Anthony. Shattered Sword: The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Virginia: Potomac Books, 2005.

Authors Anthony Tully and Jonathan Parshall offer interpretation on the Battle of Midway from the Japanese perspective. The book highlights many of the mistakes made by the Japanese at Midway, and it also describes the state of the Japanese Navy after the conflict. This material provides insight into Japan's own documentation, and forces a controversial reevaluation of key events that took place during the battle.

Battle of Midway

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Title: Midway and the Impact to Japan

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 580
  • Works Cited:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Six months after Pearl Harbor, the United States Navy destroyed the offensive capability of Japan in the Pacific.

What were the implications of the Battle of Midway to the Japanese war effort?

Please use the following books and footnotes.

Keegan, John. The Battle for History: Re-Fighting World War II. New York: Vintage Books,
1995.

Overy, Richard. Why the Allies Won. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1995.

Weinberg, Gerhard L. A World At Arms: A Global History of World War II. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1994.


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All three sources agree that the Japanese deemed the Battle of Midway a key to domination of the Pacific. According to Weinberg, the Japanese Navy's intended landing on Hawaii required victory at Midway; consequently, the loss of Midway rendered an invasion of Hawaii impossible.[footnoteRef:6] Keegan agrees that Midway was Japan's strategic objective in mid-1942[footnoteRef:7] and Overy calls the Battle of Midway "The most significant fleet engagement of the War."[footnoteRef:8] Weinberg concludes that if Japan had won at Midway, "the course of the War could have proceeded very differently."[footnoteRef:9] [6: Ibid., p. 330.] [7: Keegan, p.88.] [8: Overy, p. 43.] [9: Weinberg, p. 339.]

The assertions about the importance of Midway for Japanese expansion are supported by the authors' explanations of the Japanese adjustments after Midway. After Midway, the Japanese could not expand their domination of the Pacific. Weinberg maintains that the Japanese expansion to the East, South and in the Indian Ocean ended with the loss at Midway.[footnoteRef:10] According to Weinberg, Japanese expansion into the Indian Ocean, which the Japanese had promised to the Germans and wished to pursue, was decisively crippled by the American counterattack on the Solomon Islands that kept the Japanese preoccupied.[footnoteRef:11] Consequently, the Japanese defeat at Midway did not merely result in a stalemate; rather, it forced the halt of Japanese efforts to expand their domination of the Pacific Ocean. [10: Ibid., pp. 329, 339.] [11: Ibid., p. 339.]

Japan's loss at Midway also meant that the U.S. could take an offensive position in the Pacific, forcing the Japanese into a defensive position. As mentioned previously, Japan's initial plans to push further into the Indian Ocean were crippled by preoccupation with the American counter-attack on the Solomon Islands.[footnoteRef:12] According to Weinberg, that very American offensive, that

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