Barbara Kingsolver Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Barbara Kingsolver College Essay Examples

Title: Kingsolver's Animal Dreams and Native Americans

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1102
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: How are Native American and Hispanic people portrayed in Barbara Kingsolver's Animal Dreams? We know these ethnic groups are portrayed favorably, but how does Kingsolver do this? What is the relationship between the culture or family life of these people and the 'salvation' of Codi?

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Works Cited:


Kingsolver, Barbara. Animal Dreams. New York: Harper Collins, 1990.

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Title: Font Times New Roman 12 Double spaced MLA format Thesis statement idea Children raised emotionally abusive homes remain victim abuse future relationships MUST relate include The Poisonwood Bible Barbara Kingsolver research Samples attached 1

  • Total Pages: 20
  • Words: 5357
  • Bibliography:7
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Font: Times New Roman, 12
Double spaced
MLA format
Thesis statement idea: Children who are raised in emotionally abusive homes are likely to remain the victim of abuse in future relationships.
MUST relate/include the novel "The Poisonwood Bible" Barbara Kingsolver to the research
Samples attached:
1. Annotated Bibliography
7 resourses (including "The Poisonwood Bible") 3 pages
2. Research Proposal
4 pages
3. Formal Sentence Outline
3 pages
Lastly, Research paper itself:
10 pages NOT including works cited page. Minimum of 5 in text citations. MLA format.

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Works Cited

Austenfeld, Anne Marie. The Revelatory Narrative Circle in Barbara Kingsolver's the Poisonwood Bible. Journal of Narrative Theory 36(2): 293-295.

Although the author does not provide any credentials in this article, a search of the Internet revealed that she is a professor at North Georgia College and State University in Georgia. The author provides a narrative companion to Kingsolver' novel, The Poisonwood Bible, and describes the book in terms of its departure from traditional social views as well as traditional literary forms. Author uses five character-narrators to describe a picture of everyday life in the fictional village in a Congolese village to highlight the marginalization of women in various settings using a narrative approach.

Bifulco, A., Moran, P.M., Baines, R., Bunn, A. And Stanford, K. (2002). Exploring psychological abuse in childhood. Bulletin of the Menninger Institute 66(3): 240-258.

The authors present a retrospective interview assessment of childhood psychological abuse as an extension to the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) instrument. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship of emotional abuse in childhood to other adverse childhood experiences and to major depression and suicidal behavior in adult life using a sample of 204 London, UK women. The authors conclude that, "Maternal poor psychosocial functioning needs to be identified as a factor requiring intervention in order to stem escalation of risk across generations" (258).

Engle, Beverly. The Emotionally Abusive Relationship: How to Stop Being Abused and How to Stop Abusing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

The Emotionally Abusive Relationship offers strategies that will help couples no matter what your specific situation. There are separate chapters for the person who is being abused, the abusive partner, and the couple who are abusing each other. If you are being abused, you need to learn how to stop taking in the abusive words, gestures, or behavior of your partner and how to confront your partner when he or she becomes abusive. If you are being abusive, you need strategies to help you catch

Kaukinen, Catherine. (2004). "Status Compatibility, Physical Violence and Emotional Abuse in Intimate Relationships." Journal of Marriage and Family 66(2): 452-455.

The author does not provide her credentials in this study, but an Internet search showed that she is the Director of Graduate and Undergraduate Studies in Criminal Justice at the School of Public Affairs at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs. In this study, the author examines the relationship between men's and women's economic contributions and the women's risk of experiencing emotional abuse from their partners, including the effects of recent changes in gender roles with respect to the primary breadwinner in the American family.

Kingsolver, Barbara. The Poisonwood Bible. New York: Harper Flamingo, 1998.

In this novel, Kingsolver provides the narrative accounts of five females concerning their experiences in the African Congo during their post-colonialism transition from virtual enslavement by the Belgian king and how Congolese people and American aid workers lived and interacted during the 1960s with an emphasis on the suffering female members of the family whose lives are given voice by Kingsolver.

Sedlak, Broadhurt. (1996). Third National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect. U.S.

Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved from / systemwide/statistics/nis.cfm/.

This is a congressionally mandated report that provides updated estimates of the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States, including measures changes in these estimates from earlier studies; in addition, the report periodically analyzes the incidence of child maltreatment in relation to various subgroups defined by the child's characteristics and family or household characteristics.

Smullens, Sarakay. (2002). "The 5 Cycles of Emotional Abuse: Investigating a Malignant

Victimization." Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association 5(5): 16-18.

The author is a social worker and family therapist, as well as the founder of the Sabbath of Domestic Peace, an interfaith, interdisciplinary coalition that enlists the assistance of clergy members to address domestic violence issues. This study started in 1982 when Smullens began a journal recording the early years of emotional abuse that she identified in the histories of a number of her clients as well as in her own personal life which resulted in the development of the five cycles of behaviors that constitute emotional abuse. This study supports other research that confirms childhood emotional abuse is frequently repeated during adulthood. These findings were published in her book, Setting Yourself Free (New Horizon Press, September; 2002).

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Title: Animal Dreams by Barbara Kingsolver Theme The Importance of Ecology

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2408
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This was all given to me from my professor:

This assignment is on incorporating research into an argumentative research paper, as well as recycling previous work, where appropriate, by way of summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting. This project is also called a Literature in conext paper.

Annotate resources efficiently and effectively.

paper must be 2220-2500 words in length.

The Text is "Animal Dreams" by Barbara Kingsolver.

A good reference:

You will need to exercise your best judgment as to how to best integrate your reading of a novel and the research topic that encompasses it. You may, for instance, want to start out by illustrating a problem by way of a particular scene from the work of fiction. You may, on the other hand, want to bring it in later to support or elaborate on something found by way of research.

Step 1. Formulate a research question. (About the Importance of Ecology in our world- relating to the novel)
This may help:From " The Importance of Ecology"
Two of the main characters in Animal Dreams have pursued studies very similar to those of Barbara Kingsolver, involving biology, agriculture, and ecology. By connecting ecology to biology and to agriculture, Kingsolver emphasizes that it is not only a politically but also a scientifically and an economically sound concern.
Two main plots drive the novel: Codi's search for a sense of purpose and belonging, and the Stitch and Bitch club's search for a way to save Grace from destruction. The destruction threatening Grace is either the pollution or the complete destruction of the river, which is their only water source. The plot of the story, therefore is intimately intertwined with the theme of ecology. As the reader is caught up in the plight of the characters, he or she must also become involved in the concern over the ecology of the region.
In a rural and agricultural setting, ecological concerns come easily to the forefront. The people of Grace depend on the land to live. The effects of river pollution are devastatingly visible in the fruit dropping, un-ripened, from the branches. Through Codi's role as a biology teacher, Kingsolver is also able to present a slightly more complicated biological account of ecology. In addition, through Hallie's role in Nicaragua, the global dimensions of ecology are underlined."
Step 2. Develop a hypothesis.
Step 3. Test a hypothesis.
Step 4. Draw conclusions.
Step 5. Make findings available.

First, prepare an arguable statement. Some possibilities follow.

Example A: Time and again, history shows that, in terms of labor relations, miners, for the most part, have gotten the shaft.

Example B: Many of the present-day dysfunctions of minority communities can be traced to historical deprivations and injustices.

Example C: Development is unstoppable. While we may lament the ecological damage it inflicts, we depend upon it for our livelihood, and there is nothing we can do about it, short of going back to the Stone Age.

Example D: Though taxpayers underwrite scientific research, the "average Joe" rarely reaps the benefits. These go to the owners and stockholders of private corporations instead.
Test your hypothesis by way of reading and research.

Do you have enough good evidence, meaning current research from reputable sources, to support such claims as presented in your argument? Do you, for instance, have proof that miners have lost out repeatedly? Do you have research convincing enough to show the connection between inherited poverty and current behavior? Do your findings indicate that there are, indeed, no alternatives to development as we presently conceive it? Have you found records on how much taxpayers contribute to research and development in the pharmaceutical industry and the amount of profit earned?

If you are lacking in secondary sources, you will need either to dig deeper, modify your stance, or abandon ship altogether in terms of your argument.

Next you will want to turn to the novel's treatment of your subject. Doing so offers a way to discuss the more subjective elements of an argument without haggling over statistics. It is a work of fiction, after all, one not bound strictly to facts and subject to counterclaims. First, draw from your Biography for general information. Then summarize, paraphrase, and quote passages related to your research topic. This section should amount to no more than 20% of your total paper. Once you are done, you will want to invoke another expert's research. Does his or her position support or refute what the novel suggests?

Finally, after carefully weighing all the evidence, you will need to come to your own conclusions and persuade your audience that yours are right. Once you have done so, you will publish your findings, being sure, once again, to use the Modern Languages Association's documentation style.

At this point, if you have been archiving your work primarily on the computer, you will want to print out hard copies of your documents and start marking them up with either a pen or pencil. This technique has less permanent consequences than deleting them electronically, plus you get a better sense of the "whole picture" of your work thus far. Find a place to spread out, then give yourself at least an hour looking back and forth from one text to another, focusing on the relationship between them. Once this has been established, gather them into piles of supporting and contradictory evidence. Highlight the most important blocks of words. Then steel yourself for drawing lines through the roughly one third of your work that simply will have to go. Think about what transitional passages will need to be inserted in place of this deleted material.


I. Introduction-topic of research
Issue A (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Issue B (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Issue C (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Issue E (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Summary of the issues

II. Fictional Examination of the Issue
Source A (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Source B (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Source C (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Source D (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Summary of opinions
Assessing the sources' credentials and biases

III. Proposed Avenues/Solutions
Restatement of the issues
Restatement of the positions
Recommendations-your stand
Provocative/profound quote
Concluding remark

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Anderson, Terry L. (1994). "Enviro-Capitalism vs. Enviro-Socialism, " Kansas Journal

of Law and Public Policy 4: 35 -- 40.

Arnold, Frank S. (1995). Economic Analysis of Environmental Policy and Regulation, New York: Wiley.

Billow, L. (2002). "Right as rain: Control water pollution with your own rain garden." E,

13(2): 44.

Brannon, P.M. (2002). "Meeting the challenges of global needs." Human Ecology, 30(4):


Brough, G. (1998 -- October 2). "Vanishing world' Shock report on our dying planet. "

The Mirror, 15.

Cole, DH (2002). Pollution and property: Comparing ownership institutions for environmental protection. Cambridge: University Press.

Freedman, M. & Jaggi, B. (1993). Air and water pollution regulation: Accomplishments and economic consequences. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

Jones, V. (2004). "Pollution of lakes and rivers: A paleoenvironmental perspective." The

Geographical Journal, 170(3): 2004.

Manguson, J. (1999). "Great Lakes, troubled waters." The Christian Century, 116(25):

Valens, Keja. SparkNote on Animal Dreams. 19 Sep. 2005


Verweij, M. (2000). Transboundary environmental problems and cultural theory: The

protection of the Rhine and Great Lakes. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave.

Warrick, J. (2001 -- April). "Grasping for solutions -- While many states are failing to protect rivers and watersheds from polluted runoff, some communities are taking matters into their own hands." National Wildlife, April-May.

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Title: Organic Food Stores vs Groceries Stores

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 2224
  • References:6
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Paper must contain following information. Based on the article by Kim Serverson " Be It Ever So Homespun, There's Nothing Like Spin. What are the difference between Organic Food Stores and Groceries Stores. Which is Better and Why? Compare Prices and product Like meat, produce and other speciality items. And are we paying for good quality food. Is organic Food being purchase from local farmers or other countries. What role do big companies like whole Foods play in marketing and packaging. Do they play on consumers. Will Organic stores be the groceries storesof the future.

Souces: Animals, Vegetables and Miracles by Barbara Kingsolver with Steven L. Hopps and Camile Kingsolver
There are faxes for this order.

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Works Cited

Cloud, John. "Eating Better Than Organic." Time Magazine. 2 March 2007. Web. 22 March 2011.

"It's Easy Being Green: Organic vs. Conventional Foods -- the Gloves Come Off. Center for American Progress. 10 September 2008. Web. 22 March 2011.

"Organic Foods: Are They Safe? More Nutritious?" MayoClinic. Web. 22 March 2011.

"Organic Food Sales See Healthy Growth: Mainstream Food Companies Promote Natural Brands" MSNBC. 3 December 2004. Web. 22 March 2011.

Renton, Alex. "Ripe Target." The Guardian. 27 March 2007. Web. 22 March 2011.

Severson, Kim. "Be it Ever So Homespun, There's Nothing Like Spin." New York Times. 3 January 2007. Web. 22 March 2011.

Warner, Melanie. "What is Organic? Powerful Players Want a Say." New York Times. 1 November 2005. Web. 22 March 2011.

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