Title: Animal Dreams by Barbara Kingsolver Theme The Importance of Ecology
- Total Pages: 8
- Words: 2408
- Citation Style: APA
- Document Type: Essay
This was all given to me from my professor:
This assignment is on incorporating research into an argumentative research paper, as well as recycling previous work, where appropriate, by way of summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting. This project is also called a Literature in conext paper.
Annotate resources efficiently and effectively.
paper must be 2220-2500 words in length.
The Text is "Animal Dreams" by Barbara Kingsolver.
A good reference: Sparknotes.com
You will need to exercise your best judgment as to how to best integrate your reading of a novel and the research topic that encompasses it. You may, for instance, want to start out by illustrating a problem by way of a particular scene from the work of fiction. You may, on the other hand, want to bring it in later to support or elaborate on something found by way of research.
Step 1. Formulate a research question. (About the Importance of Ecology in our world- relating to the novel)
This may help:From sparknotes.com- " The Importance of Ecology"
Two of the main characters in Animal Dreams have pursued studies very similar to those of Barbara Kingsolver, involving biology, agriculture, and ecology. By connecting ecology to biology and to agriculture, Kingsolver emphasizes that it is not only a politically but also a scientifically and an economically sound concern.
Two main plots drive the novel: Codi's search for a sense of purpose and belonging, and the Stitch and Bitch club's search for a way to save Grace from destruction. The destruction threatening Grace is either the pollution or the complete destruction of the river, which is their only water source. The plot of the story, therefore is intimately intertwined with the theme of ecology. As the reader is caught up in the plight of the characters, he or she must also become involved in the concern over the ecology of the region.
In a rural and agricultural setting, ecological concerns come easily to the forefront. The people of Grace depend on the land to live. The effects of river pollution are devastatingly visible in the fruit dropping, unun-ripened, from the branches. Through Codi's role as a biology teacher, Kingsolver is also able to present a slightly more complicated biological account of ecology. In addition, through Hallie's role in Nicaragua, the global dimensions of ecology are underlined."
Step 2. Develop a hypothesis.
Step 3. Test a hypothesis.
Step 4. Draw conclusions.
Step 5. Make findings available.
First, prepare an arguable statement. Some possibilities follow.
Example A: Time and again, history shows that, in terms of labor relations, miners, for the most part, have gotten the shaft.
Example B: Many of the present-day dysfunctions of minority communities can be traced to historical deprivations and injustices.
Example C: Development is unstoppable. While we may lament the ecological damage it inflicts, we depend upon it for our livelihood, and there is nothing we can do about it, short of going back to the Stone Age.
Example D: Though taxpayers underwrite scientific research, the "average Joe" rarely reaps the benefits. These go to the owners and stockholders of private corporations instead.
Test your hypothesis by way of reading and research.
Do you have enough good evidence, meaning current research from reputable sources, to support such claims as presented in your argument? Do you, for instance, have proof that miners have lost out repeatedly? Do you have research convincing enough to show the connection between inherited poverty and current behavior? Do your findings indicate that there are, indeed, no alternatives to development as we presently conceive it? Have you found records on how much taxpayers contribute to research and development in the pharmaceutical industry and the amount of profit earned?
If you are lacking in secondary sources, you will need either to dig deeper, modify your stance, or abandon ship altogether in terms of your argument.
Next you will want to turn to the novel's treatment of your subject. Doing so offers a way to discuss the more subjective elements of an argument without haggling over statistics. It is a work of fiction, after all, one not bound strictly to facts and subject to counterclaims. First, draw from your Biography for general information. Then summarize, paraphrase, and quote passages related to your research topic. This section should amount to no more than 20% of your total paper. Once you are done, you will want to invoke another expert's research. Does his or her position support or refute what the novel suggests?
Finally, after carefully weighing all the evidence, you will need to come to your own conclusions and persuade your audience that yours are right. Once you have done so, you will publish your findings, being sure, once again, to use the Modern Languages Association's documentation style.
At this point, if you have been archiving your work primarily on the computer, you will want to print out hard copies of your documents and start marking them up with either a pen or pencil. This technique has less permanent consequences than deleting them electronically, plus you get a better sense of the "whole picture" of your work thus far. Find a place to spread out, then give yourself at least an hour looking back and forth from one text to another, focusing on the relationship between them. Once this has been established, gather them into piles of supporting and contradictory evidence. Highlight the most important blocks of words. Then steel yourself for drawing lines through the roughly one third of your work that simply will have to go. Think about what transitional passages will need to be inserted in place of this deleted material.
I. Introduction-topic of research
Issue A (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Issue B (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Issue C (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Issue E (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Summary of the issues
II. Fictional Examination of the Issue
Source A (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Source B (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Source C (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Source D (summaries, paraphrases, and quotes)
Summary of opinions
Assessing the sources' credentials and biases
III. Proposed Avenues/Solutions
Restatement of the issues
Restatement of the positions
Excerpt From Essay:
Order Custom Essay On This Topic
Anderson, Terry L. (1994). "Enviro-Capitalism vs. Enviro-Socialism, " Kansas Journal
of Law and Public Policy 4: 35 -- 40.