Ray Kroc (McDonalds) is topic
Research Paper. You are going to research a famous leader/entrepreneur's leadership style and strategies in a Machiavellian context. You can find a short list of individuals who I think are suitable for this research paper on my web page under biographees. You can write about individuals who are not on the list but who have had important, documented (published biographies and autobiographies) careers. (No political figures!!) You must clear your selection with me in advance. I will not accept a paper about a person I did not approve.
Analyze your biographee's career in context of the questions in the Questions to guide your biographical analysis (below). These questions are taken directly from The Prince. I compiled them to help you organize your research effort. You do not have to answer a specific number of questions. (You can use tactics from The Prince that I did not include in the handout. The handout is not all encompassing.) Select those you think are most germane to your subject.
Focus on the Machiavellian strategies and tactics. I do not want a general biographical or historical sketch of the individual. I am only interested in leadership and strategic techniques.
Use a subject heading to introduce each concept that you discuss. The subject headings must be directly from Machiavelli. Was he/she a fox or a lion, did he/she launch great campaigns, etc? For example:
Carnegie was assisted in his early rise to power by several strategic alliances. The first was with Scott, the district superintendent?c
Your best sources of information are biographies, autobiographies, magazine articles, published interviews, and books about your chosen industry.
I consider the extent of your research as part of the grade. The length should be about 20 pages of text. The manuscript should be typed, double spaced, left justified. Pages must be numbered. Do not pad with big margins, big fonts, or 3 spaces between lines. I recognize padding when I see it. You can use either footnotes or endnotes. All references must have page numbers. You must have a bibliography. Consult Turabian, Strunk & White, the Modern Language Assn., or any other style manual for appropriate form for footnotes or endnotes. You must use one or the other and they must be in proper form. I reduce the grade for improper referencing. The paper must be written in good, grammatically correct English. If necessary, get an editor to help you with your grammar. Your grade will reflect these factors as well as the quality of research and presentation.
The following is the appropriate format for the outline:
A. Carnegie became Scott's personal telegrapher.
B. Formed a partnership with Pullman.
II. Loved or Feared
Questions to Guide Your Biographical Analysis
If acquisitions added to existing kingdom:
Similar or differing cultures or customs?
a) Extinguished blood of old rulers?
b) Planted colonies?
c) Allowed to govern selves and pay tribute?
Once secure in acquisition:
Establish self as head and defender of the less powerful, weaken potential competitors?
Foresight-anticipate and deal with problems before they grow to crisis proportions?
Effectively limit power of those who assisted in rise to power?
Rose to power on the basis of own outstanding abilities:
founded own organization, executive of major corporation.
a) Own capabilities
(1) Laid foundations and succeeded
(2) Failed in difficult times owing to lack of foundations.
c) Elevated by power of others--succeeded or failed on basis of ability to lay foundations after rise to power.
d) Cruelties well committed
In circumstance of acquisition, was he/she able to distinguish between which managers to retain and which to eliminate?
Read and/or understood history? Used history to his/her advantage?
How important was change to this person's career, and how did he/she deal with it? Was ability to foresee and cope with change critical to success?
Did the division or firm start out as a market nicher? If so, how did manager/entrepreneur handle its growth without bringing down wrath of large firms?
Were mercenaries or auxiliaries used? Successfully?
How did he/she maintain the aura
and impression of a strong, effective leader? (How a prince should organize his militia)
Was he/she generous or parsimonious, liberal with expenditures and ruin the organization?
Was he/she loved or feared, or both?
Was this person a fox or a lion? Did he/she change positions when necessary regardless of his/her word given previously?
Did he/she always practice seeming to be all mercy, faith, humanity, integrity, religion?
Did he/she avoid contempt by not being considered changeable, light, timid, irresolute?
How did he/she control conspiracies? Was it necessary?
Was he/she forced to ally him/herself with a group whose ideas and/or principles he/she disagreed with? How did he/she build sufficient power to overcome this group?
Did this person rise to power by promoting crises and then enhance his/her reputation by solving them?
How did this person go about gaining a reputation by undertaking great campaigns and initiatives?
Did this person make alliances? With whom? How did he/she use alliances to his/her advantage?
Did he/she reward subordinates for excellent performance? How?
What kind of staff did this person have? How did he/she select them? How did he/she reward them?
How did this individual take counsel? Was he/she willing to abide contention among his/her advisors in order to get the best possible advice?
Was this person lucky, or was his/her great attribute an ability to deal with change?
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