Atheist Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Atheist College Essay Examples

Title: RESPONSE PAPER McCloskey Article Having completed unit philosophy religion ready respond article written actual atheist This article titled On Being Atheist written H J McCloskey 1968 journal Question

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 2135
  • Works Cited:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: RESPONSE PAPER

McCloskey Article

Having completed the unit of philosophy of religion, you are now ready to respond to an article written by an actual atheist. This article, titled ?On Being an Atheist,? was written by H. J. McCloskey in 1968 for the journal Question. McCloskey is an Australian philosopher who wrote a number of atheistic works in the 1960s and 70s including the book God and Evil (Nijhoff, 1974). In this article, McCloskey is both critical of the classical arguments for God?s existence and offers the problem of evil as a reason why one should not believe in God.
Your assignment is to read his short article, attached above, and respond to each of the questions below. The basis for your answers should primarily come from the resources provided in the lessons covering the philosophy of religion unit of the course (Evans, Craig, and the PointeCast presentation). You are not merely to quote these sources as an answer to the question ? answer in your own words. You are also encouraged to appeal to other outside sources as well, as long as you properly document them. This Response Paper is to be a minimum of 1500 words (equivalent to six pages) and should be written as a single essay and not just a list of answers to questions. You may be critical of McCloskey, but should remain respectful. Your instructor is looking for a detailed response to each of the questions below.
Specifically, you should address the following:
1. McCloskey refers to the arguments as ?proofs? and often implies that they can?t definitively establish the case for God, so therefore they should be abandoned. What would you say about this in light of my comments on the approaches to the arguments in the PointeCast presentation (Lesson 18)?

2. On the Cosmological Argument:
o McCloskey claims that the ?mere existence of the world constitutes no reason for believing in such a being [i.e. a necessarily existing being].? Using Evans? discussion of the non-temporal form of the argument (pp. 69-77) explain why the cause of the universe must be necessary (and therefore uncaused).
o McCloskey also claims that the cosmological argument ?does not entitle us to postulate an all-powerful, all-perfect, uncaused cause.? In light of Evans?s final paragraph on the cosmological argument (p. 77), how might you respond to McCloskey?

3. On the Teleological Argument:
o McCloskey claims that ?to get the proof going, genuine indisputable examples of design and purpose are needed.? Discuss this standard of ?indisputability? which he calls a ?very conclusive objection.? Is it reasonable?
o From your reading in Evans, can you offer an example of design that, while not necessarily ?indisputable?, you believe provides strong evidence of a designer of the universe?
o McCloskey implies that evolution has displaced the need for a designer. Assuming evolution is true, for argument?s sake, how would you respond to McCloskey (see Evans pp. 82-83)?
o McCloskey claims that the presence of imperfection and evil in the world argues against ?the perfection of the divine design or divine purpose in the world.? Remembering Evans? comments about the limitations of the cosmological argument, how might you respond to this charge by McCloskey?

4. On the Problem of Evil:
o McCloskey?s main objection to theism is the presence of evil in the world and he raises it several times: ?No being who was perfect could have created a world in which there was unavoidable suffering or in which his creatures would (and in fact could have been created so as not to) engage in morally evil acts, acts which very often result in injury to innocent persons.? The language of this claim seems to imply that it is an example of the logical form of the problem. Given this implication, using Evans?s discussion of the logical problem (pp. 159-168, noting especially his concluding paragraphs to this section), how might you respond to McCloskey?
o McCloskey specifically discusses the free will argument, asking ?might not God have very easily so have arranged the world and biased man to virtue that men always freely chose what is right?? From what you have already learned about free will earlier in the course, and what Evans says about the free will theodicy, especially the section on Mackie and Plantinga?s response (pp. 163-166) and what he says about the evidential problem (pp. 168-172), how would you respond to McCloskey?s question?

5. On Atheism as Comforting
o In the final pages of McCloskey?s article he claims that atheism is more comforting than theism. Using the argument presented by William Lane Craig in the article ?The Absurdity of Life without God,? respond to McCloskey?s claim.

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Works Cited:

References

Craig, W.L. (Unk.). The absurdity of life without God. Retrieved May 6, 2012 from Bethinking.org website: http://www.bethinking.org/pdf.php?ID=129

Evans, C.S & Manis, R.Z. (2009). Philosophy of Religion, 2nd Ed. Downers Grove: IVP.

McCloskey, H.J. (1968). "On Being an Atheist." Question One, 62 -- 69.

Ryan, M. (2012). Mastering the formal geometry proof. Retrieved May 6, 2012 from Dummies.com website: http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/mastering-the-formal-geometry-proof.html

Woodham, J. (2011, March 10). A reflection on H.J. McCloskey's 'On being an atheist.'

Retrieved May 6, 2012 from Waverly Hall Baptist Church website: http://waverlyhallbaptist.org/Response_Paper_J_Woodhams.pdf

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Title: Response to McCloskey Article

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1743
  • Bibliography:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is a response paper to the article, “On Being an Atheist", written by H. J. McCloskey. Full details and instructions will be uploaded using Resource Files. Although not all information may be available (such as the text book), please do your best to cover all areas required. Thank you and feel free to contact me with any questions.

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Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

WORKS CITED

Craig, W. And Q. Smith. (1995). Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCloskey, H.J. (1968). On Being an Atheist. Questions 1. February.

Pascale, B. Pensees, 29, cited in: W. Craig.ed., the Absurdity of Life Without God.

Bethinking.org. Cited in: http://www.bethinking.org/pdf.php?ID=129.

Smith, Q. (1992). A Big Bang Cosmological Argument for God's Nonexistence. Infedels.Org:

Cited in:http://www.infidels.org/library / modern/quentin_smith/bigbang.html

Swinburne, R. (2004). The Existence of God. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thompson. B. (2003). The Case for the Existence of God. New Haven: Apologetics Press.

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Title: Response Paper Instructions Attachment 1 Fax Copy McCloskey Article On Being Atheist Attachment 2 Fax Copy 1 17 pages Evens Other Sources consideration In article McCloskey critical classical arguments Gods existence offers problem evil a reason God

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1697
  • Sources:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Response Paper Instructions
Attachment: 1 Fax Copy McCloskey Article ?On Being an Atheist,?
Attachment: 2 Fax Copy 1-17 pages on Evens/Other Sources for your consideration.
In this article, McCloskey is both critical of the classical arguments for God?s existence and offers the problem of evil as a reason why one should not believe in God. Please read this short article, attached and respond to each of the questions below. The basis for your answers should primarily come from the attachment: Please don?t quote these sources as an answer to the question-answer in your own words. You may appeal to other outside sources as well, as long as you properly document them using Turabain style formatting (See attachment 2) or use your own. Please do not use the Bible as a source. This response paper is to be a minimum of 1700 words, and should be written in an essay format. You can be critical of McCloskey, but should remain respectful. I am developing a 2500 word paper and I?m looking for detailed responses? to each of the questions below.

1 McCloskey refers to the arguments as ?Proofs? and often implies that they can?t definitively establish the case for God, so therefore they should be abandoned. What would you say about this?

2 Cosmological Argument:
McCloskey claims that the ?mere existence of the world constitutes no reason for believing in such a being [i.e. a necessarily existing being]? Using Evans? discussion of the Non-temporal form of the argument (pp. 69-77) explain why the cause of the universe must be necessary (and therefore uncaused).
McCloskey also claims that the cosmological argument ?does not entitle us to postulate an all-powerful, all-perfect, uncaused cause.? In light of Evans?s final paragraph on the cosmological argument (p.77), how might you respond to McCloskey?

3 On the Teleological Argument:
McCloskey claims that ?to get the proof going, genuine indisputable examples of design and purpose are needed.? Discuss this standard of ?indisputability? which he calls a ?very conclusive objection.? Is it reasonable?
From your reading in Evans, can you offer an example of design that, while not necessarily ?indisputable? you believe provides strong evidence of a designer of the universe?
McCloskey implies that evolution has displaced the need for a designer. Assuming evolution is true, for argument?s sake, how would you respond to McCloskey (see Evans pp. 82-83)?
McCloskey claims that the presence of imperfection and evil in the world argues against ?the perfection of the divine design or divine purpose in the world.? Remembering Evens? comments about the limitations of the cosmological argument, how might you respond to this charge by McCloskey?

4 On the problem of Evil:
McCloskey?s main objection to theism is the presence of evil in the world and he raises it several times: ?No being who was perfect could have created a world in which there was unavoidable suffering or in which his creatures would (and in fact could have been created so as not to) engage in morally evil acts, acts which very often result in injury to innocent persons.? It seems to me the language of this claim is implying that it is an example of the logical form of the problem. Given this implication, using Evans?s discussion of the logical problem (pp. 159-168 noting especially his concluding paragraphs to this section), how might you respond to McCloskey?



McCloskey specifically discusses the free will argument, asking ?might not God have very easily so have arranged the world and biased man to virtue that men always freely chose what is right?? From the stand point of free will, and what Evans says about the free will theodicy, especially the section on Mackie and Plantinga?s response (pp. 163-166) and what he says about the evidential problem (pp. 168-172), how would you respond to McCloskey?s question?

5 On Atheism as Comforting
In the final pages of McCloskey?s article he claims that atheism is more comforting than theism. Using the argument presented by William Lane Craig in the article ?The Absurdity of Life without God,? (Look up on the Internet) respond to McCloskey?s claim.


Bibliography List:

Dawkins, Richard:
Hawking, Stephen:
McCloskey, H.J. ?On Being an Atheist,? Question 1 February 1968): 62-69.
Hugh Ross: Journey Toward Creation: www.reasons.org
Swinburne, Richard:
Zacharias, Ravi:
Evans, Stephen. C. Philosophy of Religion: Thinking About Faith. 2nd ed. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2009. ISBN: 978-0-8308-3876-9.
Holmes, Arthur. F. Ethics: Approaching Moral Decisions. 2nd ed. Downers Grove: IL: InterVarsity Press, 2008. ISBN: 0-830-82803-6.
Woodhouse, Mark. B. A Preface to Philosophy. 8th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing, 2006. ISBN: 0-495-00714-5.

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Sources:

Works Cited:

Rational Christianity, "Did Jesus Claim to be God?" http://www.rationalchristianity.net/jesus_claim.html (accessed April 23, 2012).

Manis and Evans, "Philosophy of Religion," Source provided by customer.

McCloskey, "On Being an Atheist," Source provided by customer.

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Title: Objections and counter-arguments: McCloskey?s ?On Being an Atheist?

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1785
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Please Please Please give this response paper to Writergrrl101 I really liked the way she wrote so I could understand it and formulate my own essay. One of the other writers I was given didn't even site the information with the foot notes I requested.

Please write a high school level response paper. Respond this article written by an actual atheist. This article titled ?On Being an Atheist,? was written by H. J. McCloskey in 1968 for the journal Question. McCloskey is an Australian philosopher who wrote a number of atheistic works in the 1960s and 70s including the book God and Evil (Nijhoff, 1974). In this article, McCloskey is both critical of the classical arguments for God?s existence and offers the problem of evil as a reason why one should not believe in God. Please note the following parameters for this paper:
1. Your assignment is to read McCloskey?s short article found in the Reading & Study folder in Module/Week 7 and respond to each of the questions below. Your instructor is looking for a detailed response to each question.
2. The response paper is to be a minimum of 1,500 words (not including quotes) and should be written as a single essay and not just a list of answers to questions.
3. The basis for your answers should primarily come from the resources provided in the lessons covering the philosophy of religion unit of the course (Evans and Manis, Craig, and the presentation) and these sources should be mentioned in your paper. You are not merely to quote these sources as an answer to the question?answer them in your own words.
4. You may use other outside sources as well, as long as you properly document them. However, outside sources are not necessary. Each of the questions can be answered from the sources provided in the lessons.
5. While the use of the Bible is not restricted, its use is not necessary and is discouraged unless you intend to explain the context of the passage and how that context applies to the issue at hand in accordance with the guidelines provided earlier in the course. You are not to merely quote scripture passages as answers to the questions. Remember this is a philosophical essay not a biblical or theological essay.
6. While you may quote from sources, all quotations should be properly cited and quotes from sources will not count towards the 1,500 word count of the paper.
7. You may be critical of McCloskey, but should remain respectful.

Specifically, you should address the following questions in your paper:
1. McCloskey refers to the arguments as ?proofs? and often implies that they can?t definitively establish the case for God, so therefore they should be abandoned. What would you say about this in light of my comments on the approaches to the arguments in the PointeCast presentation?
2. On the Cosmological Argument:
a. McCloskey claims that the ?mere existence of the world constitutes no reason for believing in such a being [i.e., a necessarily existing being].? Using Evans and Manis? discussion of the non-temporal form of the argument (on pp. 69?77), explain why the cause of the universe must be necessary (and therefore uncaused).
b. McCloskey also claims that the cosmological argument ?does not entitle us to postulate an all-powerful, all-perfect, uncaused cause.? In light of Evans and Manis? final paragraph on the cosmological argument (p. 77), how might you respond to McCloskey?
3. On the Teleological Argument:
a. McCloskey claims that ?to get the proof going, genuine indisputable examples of design and purpose are needed.? Discuss this standard of ?indisputability? which he calls a ?very conclusive objection.? Is it reasonable?
b. From your reading in Evans and Manis, can you offer an example of design that, while not necessarily ?indisputable,? you believe provides strong evidence of a designer of the universe?
c. McCloskey implies that evolution has displaced the need for a designer. Assuming evolution is true, for argument?s sake, how would you respond to McCloskey (see Evans and Manis pp. 82?83)?
d. McCloskey claims that the presence of imperfection and evil in the world argues against ?the perfection of the divine design or divine purpose in the world.? Remembering Evans and Manis? comments about the limitations of the cosmological argument, how might you respond to this charge by McCloskey?
4. On the Problem of Evil:
a. McCloskey?s main objection to theism is the presence of evil in the world and he raises it several times: ?No being who was perfect could have created a world in which there was avoidable suffering or in which his creatures would (and in fact could have been created so as not to) engage in morally evil acts, acts which very often result in injury to innocent persons.? The language of this claim seems to imply that it is an example of the logical form of the problem. Given this implication and using Evans and Manis? discussion of the logical problem (pp. 159?168, noting especially his concluding paragraphs to this section), how might you respond to McCloskey?

b. McCloskey specifically discusses the free will argument, asking ?might not God have very easily so have arranged the world and biased man to virtue that men always freely chose what is right?? From what you have already learned about free will in the course, and what Evans and Manis says about the free will theodicy, especially the section on Mackie and Plantinga?s response (pp. 163?166) and what he says about the evidential problem (pp. 168?172), how would you respond to McCloskey?s question?
5. On Atheism as Comforting:
a. In the final pages of McCloskey?s article, he claims that atheism is more comforting than theism. Using the argument presented by William Lane Craig in the article ?The Absurdity of Life without God,? respond to McCloskey?s claim.

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Excerpt From Essay:
References:

Bibliography

Craig, William Lane. "The absurdity of life without God." Reasonable Faith.

http://www.reasonablefaith.org/the-absurdity-of-life-without-god 5 Aug 2014.

Evans, C. Stephan & Manis, Zachary. Philosophy of Religion: Thinking about faith, IVP

Academic, 2009.

McCloskey, H.J. "On being an atheist." Question, 1: 64.

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