Asthma Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Asthma College Essay Examples

Title: Asthma

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 882
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: ASTHMA

Find national, state, and local governmental health agency websites that address the issue from the Article Review assignment.
Document your findings based on the University of Phoenix Material: Website Review.

Write a paper summary of your findings about ASTHMA that includes the following:

? How does the information overlap?

o What type of structure do you see between levels of government?
o What functions do you see at each level of government?

? How do the levels of government work together?
? How would you define public and community health?
Excerpt From Essay:
References:

Trade, foreign policy, diplomacy and health. The World Health Organization [Webpage]. Retrieved http://www.who.int/trade/glossary/story076/en/

National Asthma Control Initiative (NACI). NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/lung/asthma/naci/

States, communities, and coalitions: Solving the asthma problem in our communities means bringing people and resources together. NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/lung/asthma/naci/audiences/communities.htm

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Title: Asthma & Children in the US

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3032
  • Bibliography:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Asthma and Children, the cause, the affects and how to control it.

Work should be anthology, reference or collection. MLA documentation. Work must include an essay in an edited collection or anthology, or a chapter of a book. The basic form is for this sort of citation is as follows:

Last name, First name. "Title of Essay." Title of Collection. Ed. Editor's Name(s). Place of Publication: Publisher, Year. Page range of entry. Medium Publication. Double space.
Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

Ahsaic, Amy.M. And Christiani, David. "Respiratory Disorders." Levy, B.S., DH Wegman and S.L. Soka, R.K. Baron. Occupational and Environmental Health:Recognizing and Preventing Disease. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 398-410.

CHP. The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Guide to Asthma: How to Help . Philadelphia: John Wiley and Sons, 2004.

EPA. America's children and the environment measures of contaminants, body. Washington DC: EPA, 2003.

Gelfand, J.L. Asthma in Children: Symptoms and Risk Factors. 2012. .

Harvey, Simon. Managing Asthma At Home. July 2012. Webpage.

Haselkorn, Tmirah., et al. "Racial disparities in asthma-related health outcomes in severe or difficult-to-treat asthma." Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. (2008): 256-63.

Hendershot, R.W. "Asthma." Benson, J.B. And M.M. Hait. Diseases and Disorders in Infancy and Early Childhood. San Diego: Elsevier, 2009. 33-43. Print.

MacDowell, A.L. And L.B. Bacharier. "Infectious triggers of asthma." Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America (2005): 45-66. Document.

Martin, Carol Lynn and Fabes, Richard, A. Discovering Child Development. Boston: Houghton & Miflin, 2009.

Mayoclinic. Asthma Causes. 21 September 2010. .

McDaniel, M., C. Paxson and J. Waldfogel. "Racial Disparities in Childhood Asthma in the United States: Evidence From the National Health Interview Survey, 1997 to 2003." Pediatrics (2006): 868-877.

Reuters. Genes May Explain Racial Disparities. 6 October 2008. .

Rubin, B.K., M.T. Newhouse and P.J. Barnes. Conquering Childhood Asthma: An Illustrated Guide to Understanding . Hamilton: Empowering Press, 1998.

Sarafino, Edward and Jarrett Goldfedder. "Genetic factors in the presence, severity, and triggers of asthma." Archives of Disease in Childhood (1995): 112-116. Document.

Schell, N.B. And J.M. Nurik. Keys to Childhood Illnesses. Hauppauge: Baron's Educational Series, 1992.

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Title: Importance of understanding atopy and undertaking review in asthma management

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 3872
  • References:25
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: ASTHMA ESSAY

3500 word essay
Based on case study (not included in word count)
Written from perspective of a Nurse Practitioner reflecting on the case of patient who came into his/her care.
Essay focuses on atopy and asthma and importance of reviewing patients before increasing therapies (as explained below).
Must include UK and Global references, including latest British Thoracic Guidelines and NICE Guidelines available both online and through print sources.

INTRODUCTION
Identify background / key issues that are to be discussed i.e. stepping up asthma treatment, and importance of the review itself, i.e. checking device technique, concordance with therapy and identifying new or exacerbating triggers.

CONTENT
This is the main bulk of the essay. Discuss and expand on the issues identified in your introduction, making reference to appropriate literature and guidelines.
Discuss the fact the patient chose to access a Walk in Centre (unscheduled care) and analyse the different reasons why this setting may have been chosen by the patient, as well as overview of challenges for the practitioner working in this environment i.e. no medical records, no continuity of care, no access to test results etc. Include within this an overview of the Nurse Practitioner role.
Introduce the patient, their own medical history, drug history, allergies and social history, also their socioeconomic and cultural background and provide a reasoned analysis of why these aspects are relevant to the patients presentation (supported with research). In particular, atopy and links to asthma, focusing on the presence of pets (cat allergies specifically) and why some patients can live with a cat for years without asthma symptoms, then another cat introduced to the household can trigger an exacerbation (support with research/evidence).
Provide an overview of how the patient was assessed with asthma symptoms..., what was it from the history that prompted the practitioner to consider asthma as a potential diagnosis (atopic history (dry skin/rhinitis), new allergen to environment, poor medication control, reduced peak flow). This must be supported with analysis using guidelines, research i.e. BTS evidence etc.
Critique the management plan (which consisted of the 3 staged approach of asthma review; i.e. check concordance, check inhaler technique, check for new triggers - reference), also the use of combination therapy as method improving concordance and the importance of controlling allergy factors with asthma (evidence). Discuss and interpret the management plan including a critical analysis and evaluation of the patient, past, present and future management (i.e. discussion regarding how the patient was put on both inhalers one month ago, then this was increased, and given antibiotics....without checking concordance, technique, new triggers etc). Perhaps in hindsight a week of prednisone would have been useful - discuss?
Provide an overview of the effect of chronic illness on the patient and their family, in the context of quality of life, exacerbations etc.
Discuss the education given to the patient and its importance, supported with evidence and relevant literature. In particular the importance of patients understanding how to use their medicine (referenced), importance of asthma management plans (referenced) and know when to seek help (referenced).
CONCLUSION
Summarise key issues, linking together main discussion points to bring your essay to a rounded conclusion.
Key points:
Importance of good asthma reviews
Importance of history taking and inhaler device assessment.
Importance of managing allergies alongside asthma management.

REFERENCES
No less than 25 references should be used. These must include extensive use of literature and research articles from Respiratory Journals and Publications, including the latest BTS and NICE guidelines.

Appendix - case study - (not included in word count)
62 year old female, presented to a Walk in centre with a 3 week history of chesty cough, chest tightness and wheezing, on top of her usual hay fever symptoms for which she was taking Multi-vitamins and cetirizine 10mg daily.
Her GP had already put her on a Becotide (2 puffs 100mg twice daily) and Salbutamol 100mcg (2 puffs as needed), with no significant improvement. After 1 week on this therapy, her GP changed it to Symbicort 2 puffs twice daily, added in Amoxicillin 250mg three times daily. At this time there were no fever/sputum/sob/anorexia/chest pain/dizziness). Judith reported a good exercise tolerance, no ankle swelling and no PND or orthopnoea. Although she denies any eczema, she did report having always suffered with dry skin particularly in skin flexures, hands etc which she uses creams for. She has also suffered with hay fever since her teens, and reports her skin flaring up occasionally with dry, cracking episodes. She takes Cetirizine from May to Sept every year.
Past medical history: ? Eczema, Hay fever.
Family medical history Mother had 'lung problems' - unsure of diagnosis. Father: unsure of illness/died very young.
Drug history: Cetirizine, Multivitamins, Symbicort.
A: No known allergies to medications. (pollen, dust = causes wheezing)
Social history: married, lives with husband of 44 yrs years, retired retail assistant, lifelong non-smoker, got a new cat 4 weeks ago (last pet died 6 months ago, a cat she had for 7 years).
On examination: Walked in, well looking, good colour, alert and orientated, speaking clearly, no acute breathlessness, oxygen saturations 97% on air, pulse 80 regular, respiratory rate 19 per minute, Peak flow measurement 270 litres per minute (predicted 400lpm) with a poor technique, eye exam normal, ENT clear, chest good air entry, slight expiratory wheeze, no crackles, percussion noted resonant, expansion equal. Heart sounds and cardiac examination normal. Skin: dry eczematous patches of skin to both dorsal aspects of hands, cracking to palms, eczema patches behind both knees, no secondary infection.
Impression: Uncontrolled Allergic Disorder +/- High probability of asthma.
Plan: long chat with patient and husband about importance of adequate control of allergy symptoms and its impact on lung health etc. Discussed importance of diagnosis, strongly advised to see practice nurse for full respiratory assessment (spirometry). Discussed medications at length, checked turbuhaler technique using whistle demonstrators = very poor, full demonstration and practice undertaken, with considerable improvement in technique, whistle issued to take home with patient information. Advised use Symbicort 200/6, 2 doses twice daily, up titrated as directed, continue with cetirizine 10 mg daily, add in Beconase nasal spray 2 doses each nostril twice daily, stop amoxicillin as clinically no indication at this time (patient requesting to stop due to diarrhoea), discussed allergen avoidance, long chat with patient and husband about new cat, explained it is quite possible to be unaffected by one animal and triggered by another, particularly one with long hair as her new cat has. Strongly advised to see gp for review in next week.

Excerpt From Essay:
References:

ADTC. (2005). Panic Attacks. Anxieties. Online at

Asthma UK. (2006). Two Treatments to Be Discontinued. Asthma.org.uk.

BBC News. (2009). Eczema's Link to Asthma Uncovered. British Broadcasting Company. Online at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8055038.stm

Benabio, J. (2010). Eczema and Asthma Link. The Dermatology Blog.

Boyles, S. (2007). Cat Allergy Linked to Asthma. WebMD: Asthma Health Center.

Clinical Pharmacology. (2004). Albuterol Inhaler. Drug Digest. Online at

Devon City Council (DCC). (2010). Assessment for Medicine Concordance. Devon.gov.uk.

First DataBank. (2010). Salbutamol (Albuterol)-Oral Disk Inhaler. Medicinenet.com.

James, J. & Friedman, R. (1998). The grief recovery handbook. New York, N.Y. Harper Collins Publishers.

Mayo Clinic. (2010). Asthma: Overview. Medicine Plus. Online at https://health.google.com/health/ref/Asthma

National Institute of Health (NIH). (2010). Asthma. Medline Plus. Online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/asthma.html

National Institute of Health (NIH1). (2003). Amoxicilin. PubMed Health.

Nemours. (2010). What's a Peak Flow Meter. Kidshealth.org.

NetDoctor. (2006). Becotide (discontinued in the UK - June 2007). Netdoctor.co.uk.

Norton, a. (2010). Exercise might aid asthma control: study. Reuters Health Information.

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Title: Asthma and obesity

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 2061
  • Bibliography:1
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Literature review On: What is the association between asthma and obesity in U.S children?

Needs Abstract and introduction

Introduction needs research question include

Just analysis and summarizing of research articles.
Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

Black, M.H., Smith, N., Porter, a.H., Jacobsen, S.J., & Koebnick, C. (2012). Higher prevalence of obesity among children with asthma. Obesity, 20(5), 1041-1047.

Fiese, B.H., Everhart, R.S., & Wildenger, L. (2009). Wheezing, sleeping, and worrying: The hidden risks of asthma and obesity in school-age children. Psychology in the Schools, 46(8), 728-738.

Hasan, R.A., Zureikat, G.Y., Nolan, B.M., LaChance, J.L., Campe, J.L., & Amin, R. (2006). The relationship between asthma and overweight in urban minority children. Journal of the National Medical Association, 98(2), 138.

Suglia, S.F., Chambers, E.C., Rosario, a., & Duarte, C.S. (2011). Asthma and obesity in three-year-old urban children: Role of sex and home environment. The Journal of pediatrics, 159(1), 14-20.

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