Archaeology Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Archaeology College Essay Examples

Title: Archaeology

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1740
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions:
MLA style for punctuation, abbreviations, headings, and other elements of the manuscript.

Essay format, Two (2) pages in length double spaced, #12 font, Times Roman.
The essay should refer to specific cultural examples and issues in the attached text. Note the sources of the ideas/example discussed. Did they come from the text?
Approximately 20 % of essay should focus on presentation or personal perspective opinion on the issue raised by the question.
Question:
Develop a perspective on the anthropological notion of ?culture.? What is ?culture?? How do anthropologist define this concept? How do you think the notion would help you in the chosen subfield, Archaeology?
Reference Info:
Cultural Anthropology, third edition, Nancy Bonvillain, copyright 2013, 2010, 2006 Pearson Education Inc. Publishing as Pearson Education, One Lake St., Upper Saddle river, NJ 07458.
Excerpt From Essay:
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Title: Media Archaeology and Video Games

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 3097
  • Bibliography:12
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Theme:

Our relationship with media technology is a complex one between perception, mental imagery, and the apparatus that enables it. Our experience of watching a film, for example, is a very different experience from that of an audience member who experienced cinema firsthand (as can be illustrated by “mythic” stories like the one about how people ran away from the train while attending the screening of The Moving Train by the Lumière). Therefore, as the apparatus is always part of the experience of understanding media (whether people are aware of it or not), it is not enough just to work with historical imagery or archival footage to understand the past of a medium. One must think also about apparatuses of an earlier era. This is a starting point for media archeology.

Media archaeology is an emerging set of interdisciplinary theories and methodologies that address media history in new, often unconventional ways - both looking for elements of repetition as well as variation in the past. Media archaeology wants to understand new and emerging media cultures through the past. Authors such as Erkki Huhtamo, Siegfried Zielinski, Wolfgang Ernst, Nick Montfort, Ian Bogost, Wendy Hui Kyong Chun, Carolyn Marvin, Katherine Hayles, Tom Gunning, Anne Friedberg, Lev Manovich, Steve F. Anderson, William Uricchio, Friedrich Kittler and Jonathan Crary, from the fields of visual culture, media theory, platform studies, software studies (etc.), have been essential to the birth of this disciplinary ??" and artistic ??" field (that has a basis on seminal works of authors such as Walter Benjamin, Michel Foucault, Marshall McLuhan). In addition to theories, media archaeology is executed through concrete art works ??" such as Zoe Beloff's, Aura Satz’s or Rosa Menkman’s.

This essay means to address recent media archaeological waves, in european and US media studies, namely in its hardware materiality and time-critical focus, as well as software and platform studies, in their relationship to video games. It is important to provide examples from videogames to illustrate some of the points made.


Suggested Bibliography:

Always Already New: Media, History, and the Data of Culture. Lisa Gitelman. MIT Press. Sep 2008. ISBN: 978-0262572477.

Archaeology of Knowledge. Michel Foucault. Routledge; 2 edition. May 2002. ISBN: 978-0415287531.

Cartographies of Media Archaeology. Jussi Parikka’s Blog. http://mediacartographies.blogspot.pt/

Deep Time of the Media: Toward an Archaeology of Hearing and Seeing by Technical Means (Electronic Culture: History, Theory and Practice). Siegfried Zielinski. MIT Press. Feb 2008. ISBN: 978-0262740326.

Digital Memory and the Archive (Electronic Mediations). Wolfgang Ernst (Author), Jussi Parikka (Editor). University of Minnesota Press. Dec 2012. ISBN: 978-0816677672.

Gramophone, Film, Typewriter (Writing Science). Friedrich Kittler. Stanford University Press. July 1999. ISBN: 978-0804732338.

How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis. N. Katherine Hayles.

Media Archaeology. Approaches, Applications, and Implications. Erkki Huhtamo (Editor), Jussi Parikka (Editor). June 2011. ISBN: 9780520262744.

New Media, Old Media: A History and Theory Reader: Interrogating the Digital Revolution. Wendy Hui Kyong Chun (Editor), Thomas Keenan (Editor). Routledge. Dec 2005. ISBN: 978-0415942249.

Technologies of History: Visual Media and the Eccentricity of the Past (Interfaces: Studies in Visual Culture). Steve F. Anderson. University Press of New England. May 2011. ISBN: 978-1611680034.

The Language of New Media. Lev Manovich.

The Virtual Window: From Alberti to Microsoft. Anne Friedberg. MIT Press. Jan 2009. ISBN: 978-0262512503.

The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. Walter Benjamin.

Twisty Little Passages: An Approach to Interactive Fiction. Nick Montfort. MIT Press. Mar 2005. ISBN: 978-0262633185.

Understanding Media. The extensions of Man. Marshall Macluhan.

What is Media Archaeology? Jussi Parikka. May 2012. ISBN 9780745650258.
Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:


Anderson, S.F. (2011). Technologies of History: Visual Media and the Eccentricity of the Past (Interfaces: Studies in Visual Culture). Lebanon, NH: University Press of New England.

Ernst, W. And Parikka, J. (2012). Digital Memory and the Archive (Electronic Mediations). University of Minnesota Press.

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Title: Anthropology Subfields: Cultural, Linguist, Archaeological.

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1267
  • References:1
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Purpose:
The primary goal of this exercise is for the student to further examine evolution from the perspective of two subfields in anthropology. The all-encompassing nature of evolution will be illustrated, and students will have the opportunity to explore the holistic nature of anthropology.
Description:
Anthropologists study many different aspects of humanity in order to fully understand the diversity of the human species. One of these aspects concerns our development as a species, both physically and culturally. For the assignment, the student will first discuss and investigate evolution as viewed by physical anthropology, and then the student will investigate and discuss evolution from one other subfield ? cultural, linguist, or archaeological.
Directions, in essay format:
1) Discuss what evolution is in terms of physical anthropology (see Ch3).
2) Define evolution (using textbook and lecture notes)
a. This should include APA-formatted in-text citations and full references
3) Discuss what a physical anthropologist may examine/investigate in order to study evolution. (e.g. population DNA)
4) Discuss ?how? a physical anthropologist would study your answer for Q3 and why it is helpful for studying evolution.
5) Find at least one outside source related to your answer for Q3 and Q4 (e.g. the genome project for DNA, or http://www.mscc.cc.tn.usus/webs/cgregory/biol2010_skeleton_checklist.pdf for bones).
6) Briefly describe the source and how is it helpful for examining/investigating evolution.
a. This should include APA-formatted in-text citations and full references
7) Choose a second subfield of anthropology ? cultural, linguistic, or archaeology.
8) Discuss how an anthropologist in this subfield would study evolution.
a. Remember, evolution can apply to both physical and societal changes, so things like language and customs can evolve just as much as bodies and brains can.
9) Discuss what an anthropologist from your chosen subfield may examine/investigate in order to study evolution (e.g. an archaeologist may look at how tools have changed through time, and what has caused that change)
10) Discuss ?how? an anthropologist from your chosen subfield would study your answer for Q3, and why it is helpful for studying evolution.
11) Find at least one outside source related to your answer for Q3 and Q4 (e.g. the genome project).
12) Briefly describe the source and how is it helpful for examining/investigating evolution.
a. This should include APA-formatted in-text citations and full references
13) Discuss how the study of evolution between physical anthropology and your chosen subfield compare and contrast.
14) Conclude by discussing one new piece of information you learned about evolution.
15) Be sure to write your paper using APA-formatting.
Formatting:
- APA formatting (typed, double-spaced, 11 pt arial or times roman numeral font, 1? margins, etc)
- 3-5 pages long
- APA-formatting in-text citations
Excerpt From Essay:
References:

Thesis. University of Kent at Canterbury

http://lucy.ukc.ac.uk/csacpub/Davies_thesis/

Defining physical anthropology http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~bramblet/ant301/one.html#anchor236235

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