Antitrust Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Antitrust College Essay Examples

Title: Antitrust Laws and Competition in the Health Care Market

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1541
  • Sources:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Antitrust Laws and Competition in the Health Care Market
I. Best Practices
a. Regulated vs. Non-regulated control?
b. Cost saving or cost increasing?
II. Benchmarking
a. US regulations compared to other countries
b. Advantages vs. Disadvantages
III. Statistics
a. Impact on industry
b. Impact on the consumer
IV. Future Funding Strategies
a. Continued effects on domestic economy
Conclusion

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Sources:

Bibliography

Uncertain Future of Competition in Health Care Law: Legislative Proposals to Immunize Providers from Antitrust Law (2002) Health Affairs. 2002;21(2) © 2002 Project HOPE.

Sage, William M., Hyman, David a. And Greenberg, Warren (2003) Health Affairs. Vol. 22, No. 2, 2003 Project Hope. Online available at: http://content.healthaffairs.org/cgi/reprint/22/2/31.pdf

Greaney, Thomas L. (2009) Statement of Professor Before the Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety and Insurance. Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation United States Senate. 16 July 2009. Online available at: http://law.slu.edu/healthlaw/news_stories/statement.pdf

Hubbard, Robert L. (1997) Towards a Competitive Health Care System. Fordham Urban Law Journal. Vol. XXIV, No. 4, 1997. Online available at: http://www.oag.state.ny.us/bureaus/antitrust/pdfs/FordhamULJ1997.pdf

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Title: Antitrust Claims Prepare a page paper APA guidelines detailing antitrust claims faced Microsoft corporation detailed websites Required Readings week Please provide analysis opinion charges levied Microsoft

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 975
  • References:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Antitrust Claims

Prepare a two to three page paper, following the APA guidelines, detailing the antitrust claims faced by the Microsoft corporation as detailed in the above websites (see Required Readings for this week). Please provide an analysis of your own opinion about the charges levied against Microsoft. Do you believe that the charges were valid, or was Microsoft merely acting aggressively as capitalistic businesses are required to act in order to excel? You are encouraged to seek out scholarly articles and appropriate websites to support your position.

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References:

References

J.P., Barnes, A.J., Bowers, T., & Langvardt, A.W. (2010). Business law: The ethical, global, and ecommerce environment (14th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Economides, N. (2001). The Microsoft Antitrust Case. Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade: From Theory to Policy.

Page, W.H. And Lopatka J.E. (2009). The Microsoft Case: Antitrust, High Technology, and Consumer Welfare. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Reynolds, A. (2001) The Microsoft Antitrust Appeal. Washington D.C.: Hudson Institute.

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Title: ANTITRUST

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1265
  • Works Cited:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: ANTITRUST



Anderson, Rod W. & Johnson, Ronald N. (1999) Antitrust and Sales-Below-Cost Laws: The Case of Retail Gasoline Review of Industrial Organization; 14 (3) May. pg. 189ff (pdf) examines whether or not gasoline pricing is in restraint of trade.
Read though the article and make a list of terms that you may not understand such as 'restraint of trade' and 'antitrust.' Then using a legal dictionary such as http://dictionary.law.com/ or http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/ look up 'restraint of trade' and the other terms with which you may not be familiar. In the process of examining the law that applies in this article, you will encounter reference to the antitrust laws such as the Sherman Act, Clayton Act and the Robinson-Patman (the enabling legislation for the Federal Trade Commission).



Now, read, examine, and evaluate the background information. And using the Internet and your cyber-library; read, examine, and evaluate any other information you might find that is relevant to the case you will build.



You are now ready to answer the following question in a four-page paper:
1. What are antitrust laws and what are the public policy considerations for such regulations.

"Public policy considerations" are the broad societal considerations that would lead a legislature or a court to make a particular decision in the way it did.

1. Does selling gasoline for less than cost violate the law? If so, which law does it violate and why does it violate that law? If not, why doesn't it violate any laws?

What can small businesses do, if anything, to compete with larger businesses if not allowed to price-fix or sell below cost?

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References

Antitrust below cost pricing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predatory_pricing

Proposed New York Gasoline Legislation Could Harm Consumers, Says FTC Staff

http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2002/08/nygas.htm

AG takes aim at below-cost pricing statute: Issue was highlighted in a recent federal court decision against Kroger Co. For offering customers discount on gas for buying groceries.

From: Pueblo Chieftain (Pueblo, Colorado) | Date: December 19, 2006 | More results for: anti-trust

Trial of the RLH Industries, Inc. Anti-Trust Suit Against at&T Begins 5 March 2007

Business Wire; Mar 2, 2007; 154 Words

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Title: antitrust law remedies in intellectual property cases

  • Total Pages: 15
  • Words: 4477
  • Bibliography:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: A discussion about the law in USA regarding the types of Antitrust remedies for market leaders in intellectual property (IP) cases. Specifically, is compulsory licensing ever appropriate?

It should include
1. An intro and overview of antitrust and IP; the judicial systems ability to deal with it, using Google case as an example
2. The history of antitrust; the social roots regarding antitrust and patent/copyright protection in the liberal eighteenth century, competition as a constitutional principle, the economics of the "first amendment free market", and the origin of IP laws
3. The Sherman and Clayton Acts; enforcement of antitrust laws, types of offenses, consumer harm as the ultimate focus, distinctions b/w pro-competitive and anticompetitive behavior, what regulation of IP is permissible, liability from mere ownership of IP
4. Monopoly and MArket Power; defining markets, the effect of the size of a company (are judgments different with respect to market-dominant companies?) How different courts have balanced competition and IP interest and is there an exception for bigness --- some cases to use are; eastman kodak v image technical service, ftc v intel, intergraph v intel
5. more cases regarding monopoly and exclusionary conduct due to the size of the company, i.e the concept of essential facilities and leverage --- alcoa steel, cellophane, and grinnell, microsoft, trinko
6. Fundamental IP principals with the movie industry as a case study; constitutional basis, time period, and the purpose of the patent and copyright grants, trademarks being forever, how patents promote competition, the rights to exclude others, and the balance between promoting innovation and protecting competition
7. issues of petitioning government and first amendment in antitrust and IP; fraud on competitors and the patent office. some cases to use -- in re dell (fraud on competitors), ftc v unocal (fraud on govt), kennedy concurrence win ebay, cases on noer-pennigton doctrine, viacom v youtube
8. the ideas behind compulsory licensing as a remedy

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Bibliography:

Works Cited

Anthony, Sheila F. "Antitrust and Intellectual Property Law: from Adversaries to Partners." AIPLA Quarterly Journal 28.1 (2000): 1-22. Print.

Bingaman, Anne K. "The Role of Antitrust in Intellectual Property." Federal Circuit Judicial Conference (Patent and Trademark Breakout Session), Washington, D.C. 16 June 1994. Web.

Bowen, John. "Eastman Kodak Co. v. Image Technical Services, et al." Duke Law, 2003. Web.

Cannon, Constantine. "Comparing Antitrust Guidelines in the U.S. And Korea." Law 360, 2012 31 January. Web.

CPTech. "Frequently Asked Questions About Compulsory Licenses." CPTech, 1999. Web.

Dell vs. United States. 21 May 2010. A-06-CA-726-SS. Web

Demuth, Christopher. "Competition and the Constitution." National Affairs 9 (2011): 38- 55. Print.

Dent, Chris. "Generally Inconvenient': The 1624 Statute of Monopolies as Political Compromise." Melbourne University Law Review 33.2 (2009). Web.

Federal Trade Commission. "Antitrust Laws: A Brief History." FTC Fact Sheet, 2004. Web.

Goldman, David. "Who Will Get Caught in the Antitrust Net? Dominant Tech Companies Like Google and Apple Could Face Closer Scrutiny, While Smaller competitors Like AMD Have the Most to Gain." CNN Money, 2009 18 May. Web.

Gudaitis, Terry M., Stasi P. Poulos, and Johnny C. Johnson. "Protecting the Motion Picture Industry from Intellectual Property Theft." Mindstar, 2004. Web.

Legal Information Institute. "Antitrust: An Overview." Cornell University Law School, 2012). Web.

Luitjens, Cameron. "FTC to Unocal: Do Not Pass Go, Do Not Collect Royalties on RFG Patents." Boston College Law School Intellectual Property & Technology Forum, 2003. Web.

NetMBA. "Market Definition." Business Knowledge Center, 2003. Web.

Ohlhausen, Maureen K. "Enforcement Perspectives on the Noerr-Pennington Doctrine." Federal Trade Commission Staff Report, 2006. Web.

Pitofsky, Robert. "The Essential Facilities Doctrine Under United States Antitrust Law." FTC, 2005. Web.

Putnam, Mark S. "What is Antitrust and Why Should You Care?" Global Ethics University, 2006. Web.

UCLA Library. "Intellectual Property Law: Why Should I Care?" UCLA, 2001. Web.

United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). "What is Intellectual Property?" Office of Public Affairs, 2006. Web.

White, Aoife. "Expedia Files Antitrust Lawsuit Complaint Against Google with EU." Bloomberg Businessweek, 2012 30 March. Web.

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