Anti Federalists Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Anti Federalists College Essay Examples

Title: Hobbes Locke Federalis vs Anti Federalist

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 861
  • References:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Hobbes and Locke (1-2 paragraphs)

When it comes to Hobbes and Locke, there were some points that were agreed upon between the two. Specifically, "they shared the common notion that the state is something that does not naturally come into being. Rather, the state results from a conscious agreement among men to leave the so-called “state of nature” and institute “civil society” whose main characteristic is the presence of a “state” manifested through the “government”, hence the concept of a “social contract”." (Quilop, 2006). How far can we go with the "all men are created equally" notion in the context of political position and beliefs?
Quilop, R. 2006. Hobbes, Lock and Rousseau in a Comparative Perspective. Retrieved May 4, 2010 from dilc.upd.edu.ph/Social_Contract_Thinkers.doc

(1-2 paragraphs)
As you research Hobbes and Locke, you will find some very interesting interpretations of the positions maintained by Hobbes and Locke. One such interpretation is that Hobbes viewed peace as war in disguise and that every human being needed a master, whereas Locke supported the contention that people should have a say in government and should be actively involved. (Nitso, 2007). What are your thoughts?

Nitso, Rit. (2007). Hobbes and Locke, men of influence. Retrieved May 5, 2010 from http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/comp/cw20hobbes_locke.htm.

Federalist vs Anti Federalists (1-2 paragraphs)
When looking at the federalist versus anti-federalist issue, timing is everything. The debate and bifurcation really surfaced after the Constitutional Convention. Article 7 of the Constitution set forth the ratification requirements at the state level. The proponents of the Constitution took on the name of "federalists" and those who took the position that the ratification of the Constitution would result in a strong national government at the expense of state power took on the name of "anti-federalists" and the rallying began. (The Constitutional Topics, n.d.)
Constitutional topic: the federalists and the anti-federalists. (n.d.). Retrieved on May 4, 2010 from http://www.usconstitution.net/consttop_faf.html

The threaded discussion assignment operates under the assumption that there was a winner simply because of the ratification. Do you agree that there was a clear winner, from a belief standpoint?

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Excerpt From Essay:
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Hobbes looked around, and saw a sewer of urban life; poor people struggling, disease, trash, pestilence and believed that without control mankind was nothing more than animalistic. Locke thought otherwise, that humans, given a chance to actualize, would cooperate, work towards a common good, and provide a generalized and goal-oriented society. So, who was right? Well, it seems that history has taught us again and again that in certain conditions, humans do express their evil and competitive natures (e.g. fascism, genocide, etc.); but that in other situations, the species can be incredibly giving and benevolent (think of Mother Theresa, people helping people). The complexity is that humans are not all one type or another, but a combination. Most sociologists believe that it is culture and society that form the basis for behavior. For example, the Kung! Bushmen of South Africa have no crime, very little disagreement, and understand they must cooperate for the good of the tribe. However, if we look at the Epic of Gilgamesh or the Code of Hammurabi, we find that the earliest civilizations had to provide structure and that evil nature was as much a part of humanity as goodness. The debate remains -- is the cup 1/2 empty or 1/2 full -- or is it both?

The Federalist movement surrounding the writing and eventual ratification of the U.S. Constitution focused on one basic premise: how much power and authority should the national, versus State, government control. Certainly, once can view that if the Articles of Confederation were deemed to be too weak and inappropriate for the new Republic, then the Federalist faction won. Rhode Island and North Carolina especially opposed the Federalist view, but eventually the Bill of Rights seemed to satisfy most of the delegates who realized that the alternative would be suicide. This did not stop individual States from wanting to secede long before the Civil War, and indeed, the actual finality of the issue of State's rights was not really solved until the mid-20th century, when the Supreme Court issued several decisions requiring that the tenets of the Bill of Rights be established in all 50 States.

If one considers the political issues of the Jeffersonian Era up to the War Between the States, then one might say that although the Constitution provided a legal means for a strong centralized government, that was on paper and States tended to act and react in their own ways to a point. There was consternation during the 1812 issues with the British, when new States entered the Union there were issues on whether they would be Slave or Free States. Thus, the Federalists really only had the appearance of victory after the Constitutional Convention, not the buy in and acceptance of the policy for decades afterwards.

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