I will also attach these additional specifications to the order
Case Study: Local Environmental History
The Location I have chosen is: Cedar Point Amusement Park
located in Sandusky Ohio. I have goggle searched Cedar Point Amusement Park
and located many primary and secondary resources. Please see the paper details below for the paper.
This project is designed to give you an opportunity to do environmental history. You are to choose a location, somewhere you know well from your hometown or travel, and examine human-nature interaction (I choose Cedar Point Amusement Park
located in Sandusky Ohio). Because this is a relatively short paper, be sure to select a place that is small enough to interrogate fully (it is better to discuss a few aspects well than many aspects superficially). Your task is to write a description or tell a story that will explain to the reader how this place came to have the shape and qualities it has today. This is an exercise in historical, geographical, and environmental interpretation.
CHOOSING A TOPIC & IDENTIFYING KEY QUESTIONS
Remember that the most important aspect of this assignment is for you to have an experience trying to “read” an actual landscape. What I’m looking for is that you take a long, careful look at the place and try to see it with unfamiliar eyes, taking nothing for granted but looking at everything you see there as if you’d never seen it before. Then ask how the things you see might have come to be there. (This assignment may go better and be more fun if you imagine that you’re a visitor from outer space who’s just landed and is trying to make sense of all the strange things you see around you: why on earth do people live this way? How did the lives of earlier inhabitants leave traces that can still be seen?) The trick is to ask as many questions as you can about landscapes you ordinarily take for granted. The most important goal of this assignment is to look at a place, ask questions about it, and think about its past with reference to the historical and geographical trend.
Although this is not primarily a paper based on written documents??"I really do want you to have the experience of trying to read an actual landscape??"I do expect you to track down at least a few documents that will help you understand the changing landscape of your chosen place. For instance, looking at old photographs can be wonderfully suggestive about how your place has changed in the past. (NOTE: You will need to cite at least five primary and five secondary sources in your paper.)
• Look at a series of maps of your chosen place to see how it has changed over time. Aerial photographs might also be very suggestive if they’re available. Many may be found in:
o Google Earth http://www.google.com/earth/index.html
o ArcGIS (free software download) maps: http://www.esri.com/software/arcgis/explorer
o US Geological Survey images and maps http://www.usgs.gov/
• If you've chosen an urban place, check out the amazing collection of bird's-eye views, most published during the nineteenth century, that have been digitized on the Library of Congress's American Memory website. The URL for these is: `http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/gmdhome.html . Check under "Cities and Towns" and search for the place about which you're writing, but don't hesitate to explore other parts of the website as well. The American Memory website is an extraordinary source for digital documents: photos, maps, texts, almost anything you can think of.
• Track the changing population of the place in the census, agricultural reports, and township records.
• If you’re studying an urban area, look at old city directories, which often list the residents and businesses of a community not just alphabetically but according to their street address. A directory enables you almost literally to walk down the same street in the past that you’ve walked down in the present, seeing how the people and businesses have changed in the interval.
• Look at old county atlases or histories for your place. These were published for many counties in the Midwest primarily in the 1870s through the 1890s, so can give you lots of interesting information about your place during the nineteenth century.
• And of course: talk with people who have lived in your place for a long time.
Your goal is to offer an original interpretation of your chosen landscape based on your own observations and research. I will evaluate your work using the following criteria:
STRUCTURE: Begin your paper by introducing the reader to your place, and by orienting the reader to the major questions and interpretive approaches you intend to use for understanding it. It's fine to start with an anecdote or a description of the place if you think that's the best way to proceed, but be sure to clarify early in the paper the main themes you'll be addressing. Following your introduction, build your essay as a series of well-structured paragraphs. Each paragraph should have a topic sentence, and usually 3 to 5 additional sentences that clearly support that topic sentence. Each paragraph should explain one major idea, not 3 or 4. Each paragraph should have a clear connection to the next. Pay attention to transitions! End with a strong conclusion that tells readers what they've learned about your place and why they should care about the interpretation you're offering of its history.
ANALYSIS: Why should the reader believe you? What arguments for and against your thesis make sense? How can you disprove counter-arguments, or account for evidence that seems to contradict your thesis? Your analysis should offer new ways to think of the material. All ideas in the paper should flow logically. Your argument should be identifiable, reasonable, and sound. Support your thesis with arguments based on evidence from your chosen landscape and from the primary and secondary sources you've researched. All sources should be clearly and accurately identified in footnotes or endnotes using a consistent citation format from a manual such as Kate L. Turabian's Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, itself based on the classic Chicago Manual of Style, which has recently been published in a new edition that pays much more attention to Internet resources and forms of citation.
STYLE: I will reward clear, active, powerful writing. PLEASE do not use the passive voice. Do not start sentences with "It is....", "There is..." or "There are...." Use active verbs. Revise your paper to remove wordiness, redundancy, passive voice, vagueness, and inactive verbs. Make sure that your grammar and spelling are correct. Careless errors, especially run-ons and comma splices, WILL lower your grade.
ORIGINALITY: An “A” paper is one that develops original insights and arguments. I strongly encourage you to think for yourselves about the place you've chosen, giving evidence from course materials and readings, but pushing your insights based on your own observations and research.
Your case study should be:
1. No less than six and no more than eight pages in length with standard margins.
2. Double-spaced in 12-point Times New Roman font.
3. Include a bibliography and appendices with relevant geospatial and historical data (maps, charts,
pictures, etc). Does not count in number of pages written
4. You must cite at least five primary sources and five secondary sources in your paper.
5. All sources should be clearly and accurately identified in footnotes or endnotes using a consistent citation format from a manual such as Kate L. Turabian's Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, itself based on the classic Chicago Manual of Style, which has recently been published in a new edition that pays much more attention to Internet resources and forms of citation.
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