Essay Instructions: Americanism and then back up with non-electronic quotes about historic events and stuff. Definition of Americanism
utilizing historical reasoning. Basically what it is in a few short words, is to define your view of Americanism and back up your definition with historical events. For example: I view Americanism as imperialistic because imperialism intervenes on other countries business for example when the Us intervened in Vietnam.
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Essay Instructions: Socially constructed and learned ways of believing in “Americanism.” Simple premise: How can educators communicate “Americanism” and embrace multiculturalism in education?
exploring the two concepts from a definition and comparison position
Strategies for communicating the combo. Education does wish to expand multiculturalism but tends to embrace all other cultures except the "baseline" Americanism. For a country of all cultures this blending must include Americanism.
Use MS Word reference tab citing function to save, cite, and create works cited page. Paper will not be accepted without.
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Essay Instructions: THIS IS THE OUTLINE I'VE MADE BUT THIS IS JUST A VERY BRIEF OUTLINE.
THERE WASN'T SPECIFIC GUIDELINE FOR THE PAPER. THE PAPER JUST NEEDS TO BE ABOUT "THE ANTI-AMERICANISM IN KOREA."
THIS OUTLINE IS JUST WHAT I HAVE CAME UP WITH THUS CAN BE MODIFIED IF NECESSARY, AS WELL AS THE THESIS.
AGAIN, THE OUTLINE IS JUST A BRIEF GUIDELINE I CAME UP WITH BUT DOES NOT NEED TO BE USED!
FOR THE REFERENCES, 3 OF THEM NEEDS TO BE FROM ACTUAL BOOKS AND THE OTHER 4 CAN BE FROM WEBSITES, ARTICLES, OR SO ON.
Outline: “Korean Anti-Americanism”
- Define anti-Americanism: “what is anti-Americanism?”
Although the America and Korea have always been known as ally-countries to each other, due to Korea’s long history of oppression by other countries such as Japan, the idea of anti-Americanism developed making the America and Korea ambivalent allies.
1. Brief historical background before anti-Americanism was created
- Talk about how Korea ALWAYS has been oppressed
- Start from the Japanese colonial period ?" the oppression both physically and psychologically
- Even after the colonial period, “help” from the America, Korea has been pretty much was oppressed, didn’t really have the independency ?" talk about the Korean War to the recent times
2. Basis of anti-Americanism: “how did it develop?”
- The oppression brought out even larger effect of anti-Americanism: the “balloon effect,” how pressing a balloon more and more, the bouncing out occurs even more ?" oppression that Korea received brought out and depicted more of the oppositional opinion, which in this case is anti-Americanism
3. Kim Dae Jung and Roh Moo Hyun policies
- mention about Kim Dae Jung’s period and his policy/opinion
- mention about Roh Moo Hyun’s period and his policy/opinion
4. Discuss how “anti-Americanism” is present in almost all over the world
- Korean anti-Americanism argues how the America helped Korea not to protect Korea but to protect Japan actually ?" Communism and the domino effect
- But what country acts just purely upon the benefits to the other country?
- Every country calculates and measures the benefits they get in return by giving help
- Even from looking at the Korean’s side, sending out troops to Vietnam War, although we’ve lost a lot of men, lots of development economically by exporting materials to Vietnam; sending out troops to the war against Iraq, to improve the relationship with the America
- Every time, even Korea calculates the benefits that Korea is getting in return ?" anti-Americanism could be created from those people with twisted minds
5. Some important/significant incidents that caused or showed anti-Americanism
- Summary along with my opinion/view of anti-Americanism (also as a Korean)
- How Lee Myung Bak’s conserved mind ?" trying to make up for the relationship with the America
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Essay Instructions: My first preference for writer is the writer(randa44) and second preference for the writer(Heideger).
Course: the Master of International Relations
Subject: America's World (Americanization and Anti-Americanism)
You can write this essay from ANY of THREE given questions, with the word length of 3000 words and 25 references. (books and electronic journals are prefered to the internet sites but you can always reaseach from the readings that are mentioned for each questions)
Please write and complete this as you would do for yours.
Question 1: "Current American foreign policy is largely Wilsonian in its approach to world affairs." Discuss.
- Required Readings for this question
**Walter Russell Mead, Special Providence, Knopf, 2001.
**Walter Russell Mead, The Jacksonian Tradition and American Foreign Policy, National Interest, Winter 1999/2000
**John Kane, ?American Values or Human Rights?, Presidential Studies Quarterly, December 2003.
Walter Russell Mead, ?Hamilton?s Way? World Policy Journal, Fall 1996.
Walter Russell Mead, ?Lucid Stars? World Policy Journal, Winter 1994.
Hans Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations, Knopf, 1972.
S. Ambrose, The Rise to Globalism
J. Rosati, Politics of United States Foreign Policy, Wadsworth, 2004
J. L. Gaddis, We now know, Oxford 1997.
J. L. Gaddis, Surprise, Security and the American Experience
R. Crockatt, The Fifty Years War, Routledge, 1995
N. Chomsky and E. Herman, The Political Economy of Human Rights (Vol 1 & 2), South End Press.
J. Nye, The Paradox of American Power, OUP 2002.
M. Hunt, Ideology and US Foreign Policy, Yale 1987.
Question 2: Can the attacks of September 11, 2001 be usefully seen as a "blowback" or is this conception faulty?
-Required Readings for this Question:
**Chalmers Johnson, Blowback, Time Warner, 2002
**Niall Ferguson, ?The Empire Slinks Back? New York Times Magazine, April 27, 2003.
**Michael Ignatieff, ?The Burden? New York Times Magazine, January 5, 2003.
Overview of the 9-11, American Empire, anti-Americanism books and articles
Richard Crockett, America Embattled, Routledge 2003 (Probably the most balanced and insightful book written to date on anti-Americanism and America?s current global power).
Chalmers Johnson, Blowback, Time Warner, 2003 (A stinging and convincing critique of American foreign policy written by a former Cold War warrior. The main weakness is the lack of analysis of the Middle East).
Mark Hertsgaard, The Eagle?s Shadow, Allen & Unwin, 2002 (A thoroughly readable and highly accessible account of people?s love/hate relationship with America. Written by an American journalist who travelled the globe asking people what they think of America. Possibly overdoes the emphasis on the paradoxical nature of people?s views of the U.S.)
Ziauddin Sarder & Merryl Wyn Davies, Why Do People Hate America? Icon Books, 2002 (Tries to explore the intersections between cultural and political anti-Americanism. An easy and provoking read that tends only to draw on critics of America).
Granta, What We Think of America, No. 77 (Much quoted but for mind the pieces are largely too glib and too short).
Noam Chomsky, 9-11, Seven Stories, 2001. (This series of interviews with this left-wing icon pulls no punches. American ?imperialism? from the ?annihilation? of the indigenous population to faux humanitarianism in Kosovo is condemned. Chomsky is a classic ethicist, rather like Peter Singer, often persuasive on particular cases but with no great sense of the broader picture. America can be a force of ill and of good. And sometimes, American intervention is needed as in the former Yugoslavia (where mistakes were undoubtedly made, but on balance intervention was justified) and in Rwanda (where inaction was the greater evil).
Foreign Affairs. America and the World. 2002 (A collection of largely establishment views on America?s place in the world. Includes numerous previously published classic articles by Huntington, Fukuyama, and Kagan).
Nine of the best articles:
Tony Judt, ?America and the World? New York Review of Books, April 10, 2003 http://www.nybooks.com/articles/16176 and ?The Way We Live Now? New York Review of Books, March 27, 2003 http://www.nybooks.com/articles/16151
Timothy Garton Ash, ?Anti-Europeanism in America? New York Review of Books, February 13, 2003 http://www.nybooks.com/articles/16059
Simon Schama, ?The unloved American? New Yorker, March 3, 2003.
Todd Gitlin, ?Anti-Anti-Americanism? Dissent, Winter 2003.
William Finnegan, ?The Economics of Empire? Harpers Magazine, May 2003.
Mark Slouka, ?A Year Later? Harper?s Magazine, September 2002.
Anthony Lewis, ?On the West Wing? New York Review of Books, February 13, 2003 http://www.nybooks.com/articles/16050
Antony Blinkin, ?The False Crisis over the Atlantic? Foreign Affairs, May/June 2001.
Michael Ignatieff, Empire Lite.
Samantha Power, A Problem from Hell.
Niall Ferguson, Colossus,
Wilson Quarterly, Summer 2002 (Special Edition on American Empire).
The National Interest, Spring 2003. (Special Edition on American Empire).
S. Huntington, ?The Lonely Superpower.? Foreign Affairs. March 1999.
J. Nye. ?The velvet hegemon.? Foreign Policy. May-June, 2003.
N. Ferguson. ?Power (Think Again)? Foreign Policy. Jan-Feb, 2003.
R. Kagan. ?Power and Weakness.? Policy Review. June/July 2002.
Question 3: What is anti-Americanism? What are the main causes of anti-Americanism? Is it a serious problem for the US?
-Required Readings for this Question
**A. Markovits, ?European anti-Americanism (and anti-Semitism)? Center for European Studies Working Paper Series #108, Harvard University, 2005.
**B. O?Connor, ?A brief history of anti-Americanism? Australasian Journal of American Studies, July 2004.
**PEW Global Attitudes Survey, U.S. Image Up Slightly, But Still Negative, American Character Gets Mixed Reviews, http://pewglobal.org/reports/display.php?ReportID=247
Senator Alston?s critique of ABC?s ?anti-American? coverage of 2003 Iraq conflict: http://www.dcita.gov.au/Article/0,,0_4-2_4008-4_114920-LIVE_1,00.html (optional reading)
B. O?Connor, ?Are We All Americans Now? The Superpower and its Critics? Australian Journal of Political Science.
C. Christie, ?US Hate: A Designer Prejudice for our time.? Times Higher Education Supplement. Jan 18, 2002.
D. Lacorne, J. Rupnik, and M-F. Toinet (eds), The Rise and Fall of Anti-Americanism. Macmillan, 1990.
New Criterion, November 2002 (Special edition on anti-Americanism)
See: ABC response to Alston critique: http://www.abc.net.au/corp/cre_report/complaints_review_executive.pdf
Roger Kimball, ?The New anti-Americanism,? New Criterion. October 2001.
Barry Rubin and Judith Colp Rubin (eds.) Anti-American terrorism and the Middle East : a documentary reader.
Paul Hollander, Anti-Americanism : irrational & rational.
Thomas B. Morgan, The Anti-Americans
Don DeBats,?World?s favourite whipping boy.? The Diplomat. Dec-Jan 2002-2003.
Martin Griffiths, ?Anti-Anti-Americanism.? The Drawing Board. May 30, 2003.
Mark Gilbert, ?Superman versus Lex Luther.? World Policy Journal. Summer 2002.
Moises Naim, ?Anti-Americanisms.? Foreign Policy. Jan/Feb 2002.
David Ellwood, ?French anti-Americanism and McDonald?s? History Today, Feb 2001.
ABC Poll: American historian Dr David Mosler told a Brisbane audience this week that Australia should become the 51st state of the U.S.A.
Dr Mosler believes there is a 20% chance that we will become a U.S. state within 50 years, especially if there is a major attack or threat to Australian Borders.
AND some more recommended readings:
Readings and Seminars:
If you are unfamiliar with American institutions, political parties and the election system it is highly recommended that you consult one of the following US Government textbooks.
Robert Singh, Governing America : the politics of a divided democracy
Robert Singh, American government and politics : a concise introduction
Theodore Lowi and Benjamin Ginsberg, American Government (Brief Seventh Edition), New York: Norton, 2002.
Theodore J. Lowi, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Kenneth A. Shepsle. American government : power and purpose (Norton, 2002)
Kenneth Janda, Jeffrey Berry, and Jerry Goldman. The Challenge of Democracy.
Edward S. Greenberg, and Benjamin I. Page. The struggle for democracy.
David McKay, Politics and Power in the USA.
James MacGregor Burns, J.W. Peltason, Thomas E. Cronin. Government By The People.
Robert Sherrill, Why they call it politics.
You are likely to hear a lot of the ideas from Brendon O?Connor?s A Political History of the American welfare system (Rowman & Littlefield, 2004) in classes, so reading the fine print might be useful.
E. J. Dionne?s Why Americans Hate Politics is recommended as a good introduction to key contemporary debates about ideas and political movements in the United States. .
E. J. Dionne?s They Only Look Dead is a very good overview of the politics and politicians of the 1990s. The recent books of both Bob Woodward and Elizabeth Drew also provide very accessible overviews of US politics in the 1990s.
These references should help with general background information and definitions.
For definitions of terms and events
Eric Foner and John Garraty (Editors), The Reader's Companion to American History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1991. (An excellent reference book which will give you concise overviews of important historical and political issues).
William Safire, Safire's political dictionary (Safire provides short definitions to the common and strange terms used in American politics such as: gubernatorial, pork and Copperheads).
You may need from time to time to draw on a general history of the United States. The following books are recommended:
Maldwyn A. Jones, The Limits of Liberty: American History 1607-1980, (the Short Oxford History of the Modern World).
Gary B. Nash, The American People: Creating a Nation and a Society, (HarperCollins, 1990).
Frederick Siegel, Troubled Journey: From Pearl Harbor to Ronald Reagan (New York: Hill and Wang, 1984)
G. Hodgson, America in our Time. (New York: Macmillan, 1976)
William Chafe, The Unfinished Journey. (Oxford, Oxford University Press).
William Chafe and Harvard Sitkoff (eds.), A History of Our Time (Oxford).
James T. Patterson, Grand expectations: the United States, 1945-1974. (Oxford, 1996).
David M. Kennedy. Freedom from fear: the American people in depression and war, 1929-1945. (Oxford, 1999).
Election Results, Governors, and Congresspersons
M. Barone & G. Ujifusa, Almanac of American Politics (Lists all federal Congresspersons as well as state Governors; also has useful overviews of the presidential voting patterns of all 50 states. In short the election junkies? bible).
NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES, AND THE INTERNET
New York Times web site at: www.nytimes.com or regularly read other quality newspapers such as the LA Times (www.latimes.com) or the Washington Post (www.washingtonpost.com).
There are a large number of free US newspapers available on the Internet; use the following address to reach a comprehensive listing of US newspapers: http://www.onlinenewspapers.com/
Occasional reading of American political and cultural magazines is also highly recommended; yahoo.com has a variety of interesting American magazines at: http://dir.yahoo.com/Government/U_S__Government/Politics/News_and_Media/Magazines/
The best American magazines for this course are:
The New Republic (www.tnr.com)
The Nation (www.thenation.com)
Atlantic Monthly (www.altanticunbound.com)
The New Yorker (www.newyorker.com)
National Review (www.nationalreview.com)
The New York Review of Books (www.nybooks.com)
It is important to browse regularly through some of the periodicals listed. (Note the ideological differences between, say, The Nation and Commentary).
Other useful magazines and journals:
More scholarly journals include:
Perspectives on Politics
American Political Science Review
American Prospect (www.prospect.org)
American Journal of Political Science
Political Science Quarterly
Journal of American Studies
Please choose one that you think would gain the highest mark.
All the best of luck! :)
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