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The 'Neolithic Revolution' occurred 10~12,000 years ago when people moved from social systems based on hunting and gathering to more complex communities dependent on agriculture and the domestication of animals
The premise is that the technological innovations of the 18th century alone would not have been enough to start the Industrial Revolution if sufficient labor had not been available for running the factories in the urban cities.
There is some controversy about the role of Townshend in improving agriculture; some feel that his role has been exaggerated. Nevertheless, there is little doubt that crop rotation (even if Townshend did not introduce it) played a major role in improving agrarian output in the 18th century.
Due to selling of land by noblemen, who had fallen on hard times, to rich landowners; confiscation and re-selling of monastery land by the government, and increased expulsion of peasants from the lands by new landowners