African History Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for African History College Essay Examples

Title: This paper a history class a video reflection paper video youtube type Black Athena The Fabrication Ancient Greece 59 minutes 9 seconds long 59 09 answer questions First discuss thoughts controversial Black Athena theory discuss extent theory holds weight specific avoid empty answers I totally agree theory stupid

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 806
  • Bibliography:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This paper is for a history class, its a video reflection paper. the video is on youtube just type in Black Athena - The Fabrication of Ancient Greece, its 59 minutes and 9 seconds long (59:09) then answer the following questions. First, discuss your overall thoughts on the controversial Black Athena theory, and discuss the extent to which you think this theory holds weight (be specific: avoid empty answers like "I totally agree" or "this theory is stupid"). Next, consider the history of Egypt in light of African history: do you consider Egypt to be historically and culturally as "African" as any other region of the continent? What do you think of Martin Bernal's arguments that eighteenth and nineteenth century European scholars obscured the African and Asian roots of Greek civilizations in an attempt to subtly promote racist and anti-Semitic ideologies? To what extent do you think the academic world still discounts African history as a worthwhile endeavor? Finally, discuss examples of negative comments conversations you have heard about Africa and African history: to what extent were these comments valid, and to what extent were the people you heard misinformed?

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Bibliography:

Bibliography

Iliffe, John. Africans: The History of a Continent. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Print.

Levtzion, Nehemia; Hopkins, John F.P. eds. And trans. (2000), Corpus of Early Arabic Sources for West Africa, New York, NY: Marcus Weiner.

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Title: Africa Prehistoric Argument Paper

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 2501
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: "During the prehistoric phase of African history, geography was the major determinant of lifestyle, innovations, history, and migration." Do you agree or disagree and support you argument. Choose one side of the argument and successfully defend your position. This is not to be a research paper, but a "think piece" which deals with the proposed question. Although you will need to cite sources to support your argument. Please consult at least 3 outside documents for citing the above question. You will need to consider and keep in context Africa and its peoples, understanding the concepts of history and change, and the sources of African history. This paper is to be 6 pages long.

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References

Brass, Mickey. The similarities and differences between the rise of complex societies in West and East Africa. Retrieved at http://www.antiquityofman.com/Complex_WA_EA.html. Accessed 14 September, 2005

Encyclopedia: History of Africa. Retrieved at http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/History-of-Africa. Accessed 14 September, 2005

Encyclopedia: History of Ancient Egypt. Retrieved at http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/History-of-Ancient-Egypt. Accessed 14 September, 2005

Encyclopedia: Sahara. Retrieved at http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Sahara#History. Accessed 14 September, 2005

Herlin, Susan. J. Ancient African Civilizations to ca. 1500. 2003. Retrieved from www.homestead.com/wysinger/africanhistory.html. Accessed 14 September, 2005

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Title: Ealry African History

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1983
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Title of the book: African History; From Earliest Times To Independence (second edition) Curtin. Feierman. Thompson. Vansina

Readings from the book have described the importance of relegion,culture and tredition in traditional Africa.Demonstrate how Islam was introduced on the east African coast.Did Islam enter into the region peacefully?or was Islam imposed upon the region by force?Demonstrate how traditional African rulers tended not to impose Islam upon their subjects, to maintain peace within their kingdom, and the valuable natural resources that made their kingdoms attractive to visiting muslim merchants.

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Bibliography

Burke, Fred G. And Stanley Diamond. The Transformation of East Africa: Studies in Political Anthropology. New York: Basic Books, 1966.

Duiker, William J. And Jackson J. Spielvogel. World History: Volume I. New York: West Publishing, 1994.

Esposito, John L. What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Hansen, Holger Bernt and Michael Twaddle. Religion and Politics in East Africa: The Period since Independence. London: James Currey, 1995.

Ingham, Kenneth. A History of East Africa. London: Longmans, Green, 1963.

Kingsnorth, G.W. And Zoe Marsh. An Introduction to the History of East Africa. Cambridge, 1957.

Oliver, Roland. The Missionary Factor in East Africa. London: Longmans Green, 1952.

Ramsay, F.J. Global Studies: Africa. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998.

G.W. Kingsnorth and Zoe Marsh, An Introduction to the History of East Africa (Cambridge, 1957), 8.

John L. Esposito. What Everyone Needs to Know about Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 39.

F.J. Ramsay, Global Studies: Africa (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998), 95.

William J. Duiker, and Jackson J. Spielvogel, World History: Volume I (New York: West Publishing, 1994), 240.

Ibid., 249.

Holger Bernt Hansen and Michael Twaddle, Religion and Politics in East Africa: The Period since Independence (London: James Currey, 1995), 20

Ibid., 20.

Ibid., 20-21.

Kenneth Ingham, A History of East Africa (London: Longmans, Green, 1963), 11.

Fred G. Burke and Stanley Diamond, The Transformation of East Africa: Studies in Political Anthropology (New York: Basic Books, 1966), 244.

Ibid., 244.

Ibid., 367.

Ibid., 368.

Kingsnorth and March, 78.

Ibid., 79.

Roland Oliver, The Missionary Factor in East Africa (London: Longmans Green, 1952), 202.

Ibid., 202.

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Title: Global Cultural Analysis Nigeria

  • Total Pages: 16
  • Words: 5263
  • Works Cited:16
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Global Business Cultural Analysis


The purpose of this research project is for you to write a scholarly, graduate-level research paper in APA format. Competency in the APA format is required of all Business graduates of Liberty University, as set forth by policy of both the Graduate Faculty and the administration.

Each student will research and write a paper on analyzing the cultural perspectives of doing business in another nation. Students will select a nation to study, and have approximately 8 weeks to research and write the paper. Your professor will provide a list of approved nations by the second day of class. Simply select the nation then begin working on the project.

After reading your paper, the reader should be able to comprehensively answer the following research questions. Thus, the research questions form the major aspects (APA Level 1 headings) of your outline.
? What are the major elements and dimensions of culture in this region (see Unit 2, Chapter 7 for a list of the required dimensions)?
? How are these elements and dimensions integrated by locals conducting business in the nation?
? How do both of the above items compare with US culture and business?
? What are the implications for US businesses that wish to conduct business in that region?

Important Points to Consider

The paper is to be written in strict conformance to APA standards, and contain at least 16 pages of content (excluding the title page, abstract, and references) utilizing at least 12 scholarly references. Use the following as the exact title of your paper: Global Business Cultural Analysis: (insert nation selected).
The paper is to be posted in the SafeAssign software area, at the end of Week 8. It is highly recommend each student download and read the instructions to avoid any stress created by issues that are the result of waiting until the last minute.
? A SafeAssign draft check area will be provided for you to use to improve your Originality Score, prior to your final submission.

Three levels of APA headings should be used throughout the paper, as this is a graduate-level research paper.
Some students do not fully understand the difference between Plagiarism and Paraphrasing. Paraphrasing is when you take a source or someone else's idea and say it in your own words. When you paraphrase you must still give the author's name, date, title of the source, the scholarly journal where it came from, and the exact website address or book.

However, when you directly quote a source, it must have quotation marks around the quote, or (if 40 words or more) it must be set in block quotation format. If you directly quote anyone, you must set it in quotation marks or block quotation and give detailed information of where you acquired the quote.

For the purpose of this academic paper, please adhere to the follow rules when quoting or using a source:
? Do not directly quote more than 120 words from any one source.
? If the source is 2,000 words or less, do not directly quote more than 50 words from any one source.
? Do not use the same source more than a total of 3 times within the whole document for quoting or paraphrasing.
? Quotes must contain the section (if provided) and paragraph or page numbers of the quote and this information must be placed in the reference.
? In all instances, be sure to use the APA guidelines for citations and references.


My Outline Submitted to Instructor

1. Nigerian History
1.1. Synopsis of Nigerian government
1.1.1. Nigerian monarchy to presidential system
1.2. the evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government
1.3. Nigerian major commodities
1.3.1. Oil
1.3.2. Food
2. The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria
2.1. Cultural dimensions
2.1.1. Individualism
2.1.2. Power distance
2.1.3. Masculinity
2.1.4. Uncertainty
2.2. Model of culture
2.2.1. Universalism or Particularism
2.2.2. Individualist or Communitarian
2.2.3. Specific or Diffuse
2.2.4. Affective or Neutral
2.2.5. Achievement or Ascription
2.2.6. Sequential or Synchronic
2.2.7. Internal or External
3. How the elements and dimensions are integrated by Nigerians conducting business in the nation
3.1. The governments affects on its business prospects globally
3.2. Future global business prospects
3.3. Issues concerning corruptive practices
4. How do the elements and dimensions compare with US culture and business
4.1. The woman?s role in the workplace
5. The implications for US businesses that wish to conduct business in Nigeria
5.1. Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria

References (not in alphabetical order)
References
Afolayan, T. E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=60705725&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Oguejiofor, G. C. (2010). Using Total Quality Management as a Tool for Re-engineering Coal Production in Nigerian Coal Corporation: An Energy Industry Case Study. Energy Sources Part B: Economics, Planning & Policy, 5(1), 29-40. doi:10.1080/01621174
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=45542247&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Yinka Fashagba, J. (2009). Legislative Oversight under the Nigerian Presidential System. Journal of Legislative Studies, 15(4), 439-459. doi:10.1080/03302497
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=49236305&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Oshodi, A. (2007). Return to civilian rule in Nigeria: Problems of electoral culture and transparency over the past three Nigerian elections (1999 - 2007). Round Table, 96(392), 617-630. doi:10.1080/01625901
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=27176022&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Alutu, O. E., & Udhawuve, M. L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0742-597X(2009)25:1(40)
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=35745908&site=ehost-live&scope=site

George, B., & Lacey, K. A. (2006). INVESTIGATION OF HALLIBURTON CO./ TSKJ'S NIGERIAN BUSINESS PRACTICES: MODEL FOR ANALYSIS OF THE CURRENT ANTI-CORRUPTION ENVIRONMENT ON FOREIGN CORRUPT PRACTICES ACT ENFORCEMENT. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 96(2), 503-525. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=21685101&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Uche, C. (2008). OIL, BRITISH INTERESTS AND THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR. Journal of African History, 49(1), 111-135. doi:10.1017/S8003393
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=32531278&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Baird, J. (2010). Oil's Shame in Africa. Newsweek, 156(4), 27. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=52351881&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Worlu, R. E. (2010). Perception of the Influence of Marketing in Politics: A Cross-Sectional Study of Political Parties and Electorates in Nigeria. Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti Bulletin, Law & Social Sciences Series, 61(1), 87-106. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=59541816&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Nwabueze, R. N. (2009). Alienations Under the Land Use Act and Express Declarations of Trust in Nigeria. Journal of African Law, 53(1), 59-89. doi:10.1017/S9000035
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=37807148&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Nnona, C. (2010). The Prohibition of Large Partnerships in Nigerian Company Law: An Essay into Postcolonial Legal Atavism. San Diego International Law Journal, 11(2), 481-507. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=51360898&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Agbese, A. (2003). Maintaining Power in the Face of Political, Economic and Social Discrimination: The Tale of Nigerian Women. Women & Language, 26(1), 18. Retrieved from EBSCOhost
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=10530092&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Shannon, P. (2007). The Challenge of Community Work in a Global Economy. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 34(2), 69-85. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=25301790&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Ampiah, K. (2005). Nigeria's Fledgling Friendship with Japan: The Beginning of a 'Special Partnership'?. African & Asian Studies, 4(4), 547-573. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=19139577&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Taiwo, K. A. (2006). Utilization Potentials of Cassava in Nigeria: The Domestic and Industrial Products. Food Reviews International, 22(1), 29-42. doi:10.1080/00379787
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=19374273&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Frynas, J. (2004). Social and environmental litigation against transnational firms in Africa. Journal of Modern African Studies, 42(3), 363-388. doi:10.1017/S0022278X04000230
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=14444133&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Chaudhary, A. (2001). International News Selection: A Comparative Analysis of Negative News in the Washington Post and the Daily Times of Nigeria. Howard Journal of Communications, 12(4), 241-254. doi:10.1080/
http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=5655595&site=ehost-live&scope=site

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Excerpt From Essay:
Works Cited:

References

Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host.

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=60705725&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=35745908&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Agbese, A. (2003). Maintaining Power in the Face of Political, Economic and Social Discrimination: The Tale of Nigerian Women. Women & Language, 26(1), 18. Retrieved from EBSCO host http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=10530092&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Ampiah, K. (2005). Nigeria's Fledgling Friendship with Japan: The Beginning of a 'Special Partnership'? African & Asian Studies, 4(4), 547-573. Retrieved from EBSCO host.

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=19139577&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Baird, J. (2010). Oil's Shame in Africa. Newsweek, 156(4), 27. Retrieved from EBSCO host.

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=52351881&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Chaudhary, A. (2001). International News Selection: A Comparative Analysis of Negative News in the Washington Post and the Daily Times of Nigeria. Howard Journal of Communications, 12(4), 241-254. Doi: 10.1080/106461701753287741

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=5655595&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Frynas, J. (2004). Social and environmental litigation against transnational firms in Africa. Journal of Modern African Studies, 42(3), 363-388. Doi: 10.1017/S0022278X04000230ss

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=14444133&site=ehost-live&scope=site

George, B., & Lacey, K.A. (2006). Investigation of Halliburton Co. / teskj's Nigerian business practices: model for analysis of the current Anti-corruption environment on foreign corruption practices Act enforcement. Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, 96(2), 503-525. Retrieved from EBSCO host.

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=21685101&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Nwabueze, R.N. (2009). Alienations under the Land Use Act and Express Declarations of Trust in Nigeria. Journal of African Law, 53(1), 59-89. Doi: 10.1017/S0021855309000035

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=37807148&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Nnona, C. (2010). The Prohibition of Large Partnerships in Nigerian Company Law: An Essay into Postcolonial Legal Atavism. San Diego International Law Journal, 11(2), 481-507. Retrieved from EBSCO host.

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=51360898&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Oguejiofor, G.C. (2010). Using Total Quality Management as a Tool for Re-engineering Coal Production in Nigerian Coal Corporation: An Energy Industry Case Study. Energy Sources Part B: Economics, Planning & Policy, 5(1), 29-40. Doi: 10.1080/15567240701621174

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=45542247&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Oshodi, A. (2007). Return to civilian rule in Nigeria: Problems of electoral culture and transparency over the past three Nigerian elections (1999-2007). Round Table, 96(392), 617-630. Doi: 10.1080/00358530701625901

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=27176022&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Shannon, P. (2007). The Challenge of Community Work in a Global Economy. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 34(2), 69-85. Retrieved from EBSCO host.

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=25301790&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Taiwo, K.A. (2006). Utilization Potentials of Cassava in Nigeria: The Domestic and Industrial Products. Food Reviews International, 22(1), 29-42. Doi: 10.1080/87559120500379787

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=19374273&site=ehost-live&scope=site

University of Ploiesti Bulletin, Law & Social Sciences Series, 61(1), 87-106. Retrieved from EBSCO host.

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=59541816&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Uche, C. (2008). Oil, British interests and the Nigerian civil war. Journal of African History, 49(1), 111-135. Doi: 10.1017/S0021853708003393

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=32531278&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Worlu, R.E. (2010). Perception of the Influence of Marketing in Politics: A Cross-Sectional Study of Political Parties and Electorates in Nigeria. Petroleum - Gas

Yinka Fashagba, J. (2009). Legislative Oversight under the Nigerian Presidential System. Journal of Legislative Studies, 15(4), 439-459. Doi: 10.1080/13572330903302497

http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=49236305&site=ehost-live&scope=site

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