Position Paper Definition
Position Paper defined as "the overview of a problem and the presentation of a proposed solution(s) for others to consider."
Steps to Follow
The student's task is to place yourself in the position of a member of a Criminal Justice planning staff; to review an approved agency problem; to summarize some research on the topic, and to write a paper for a chief or other criminal justice executive to act on. You must provide one or more recommended solutions for the problem you select.
Your writing must be clear and concise so the criminal justice executive can readily understand the problem, review the facts, comprehend the reasoning behind the solution/recommendations and be prepared to take action. Your research must reflect high academic quality.
Position Paper Format - DO NOT DEVIATE FROM THIS
Position Paper must have a cover page stating:
- Hybrid Gangs in South Florida
- Phillip J. Torres
- Saint Leo University
(note- APA requires a running head and identifier with page numbers)
The cover sheet does not count in the total number of pages required.
The remainder of the format for the Administrative
Position Paper is divided into five (5) sec-tions as follows: Use Roman Numerals to identify the five (5) sections, use capital letters to identify paragraphs (or factors in section II)
I. The Problem
The statement of the problem tells the criminal justice executive what the difficulty is; what problem is to be solved. No discussion is necessary at this point. In later sections you will be elaborating on the facts, issues, solutions, etc. The "problem" must be approved by the instructor. The Problem does not count in the total number of pages required.
II. Factors Bearing on the Problem
This section includes facts or statements of truth which can be substantiated. For example, "The average education level of the police officer in this city is 14.5 years (or high school plus 2 1/2 years college)." Another example might be, "Last year the citizens of this county only reported 200 crimes in progress to the police" or "the jail population averaged 20% above maximum capacity in fiscal year 1983/84."
List each fact separately. (use bullets or capital letters to identify factors) Cite any references used for these facts using APA** style.
Also in this section, the student must list any assumptions which lend weight to their final recommendation/solutions. Examples: "It is assumed that if the victims of crimes are compensated for their time spent testi?fying in court, more citizens will be willing to become involved in pro?secutions; or, "It is assumed that better trained officers will be able to more effectively communicate with the public."
The Factors does not count in the total number of pages required.
The discussion section is the "meat and potatoes" of the Administrative
Position Paper. It contains the critical analysis of the problem and all possible factors researched. It reviews the "pros and cons" of the issues raised and possible solutions. It provides rationale for the eventual recommended solution(s). This is the critical area for the student to show the professor and your administrator you have done your research properly. This is the longest section. Cite all references. Nothing in the Discussion Section should contain personal knowledge, experience, or opinion from the author. Only facts---and ---each fact must be formatted with an in-text citation according to the APA format. Does not use case studies and if you are going to use a personal communication, you are only permitted to use one and it should be no more than one (1) short paragraph. No charts, diagrams, case studies or long quoted material is to be used in the Discussion area. If you need to use charts, diagrams, case studies or quotes, you must put them into an Appendix and only refer to them in the Discussion Section.
The Discussion does count in the total number of pages required. The Discussion should be no less than 12 pages or more than 15 pages.
Now that you've shown how you reasoned through the problem, state a conclu?sion. The conclusion is nothing more than a brief statement of the best possible solution or solutions which you have described in detail in the Discussion section. You do not need to continue the discussion. You should not introduce new material in this section. Example: "Although new jails could be constructed to house more inmates, a new program of com?munity custody for first offenders convicted of nonviolent crimes would prove more cost-effective."
The Conclusion does count in the total number of pages required. The Conclusion should be no more than 1 page.
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The community fails to acknowledge the fact that a hybrid gang is an organized group with a recognized leader whose activities are either criminal or, at the very least, threatening to the community in South Florida. They are not being educated enough to understand. Communities lack acknowledgment of understanding the characteristics of hybrid gangs. They do not understand that Hybrid gang show their uniqueness and unity in obvious ways for instance jewelry, colored clothing, jargon, and signals (Crews, 2014). The lack of acknowledging the problem in South Florida, has caused people to not realize that their key source of income for most hybrid gangs is narcotics which fuels a lot of the violence.
Communities fail to acknowledge Hybrid gang members of all ages and that they are used by the gang in the unlawful sale of narcotics and other illegal actions. It is a wrong belief that hybrid gang only function in less wealthy districts. Hybrid gang exist in virtually every community in South Florida and the communities want to ignore the elephant in the room. South Florida does not acknowledge that the gangs belong to one of two alliances, either "People" or "Folks." They do not even realize that both associations are alive and well on South Florida's streets, and in most circumstances are unpleasant rivals. The "Individuals" hybrid gang all wear their identifiers to the left side, while the "Folks" hybrid gangs wear their identifiers on the right (Roles, 2013). Not knowing these characteristics have caused the community to be in ignorance.
They also do not acknowledge that firearms and gang violence go hand in hand. In one study based on responses from 835 male inmates in 6 juvenile correctional facilities in 4 States, researchers found that movement from nongame membership to gang membership brought increases in most forms of gun-involved conduct. Forty-five percent described gun theft as a regular