Acid Rain. (2011). In Encyclopedia. Today's Science. Retrieved from Facts On File, Inc. database.
Shah, J., Streets, D., Li, J., Pu, Y., Nagpal, T., Johnson, T., & #8230;Green C. (2000). Integrated analysis for acid rain in Asia: Policy implication and results of rain-Asia model. Annual Review of the Energy & the Environment, 25(1), 339-375. Retrieved from EBSCO database.
Smith, S.J., Aardene, J.V., & Andres, R.J. (2010). Anthropogenic sulphur dioxide emissions: 1850-2005. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 1101-1116. Retrieved from http://www.atmos-chem-phys.org/11/1101/2011/acp-11-1101-2011.pdf
State Environmental Protection Administration. (2002, March 20). China to reduce sulphur dioxide emissions. People's Daily Online, Retrieved from http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200203/20/eng20020320_92414.shtml
WHO. (2011, September). Air quality and health - fact sheet n"313. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs313/en/index.html
However, against such a backdrop of apparently serious action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which imply widespread changes in energy use, conventional energy still receives the overwhelming share of government support worldwide. Over the last 20 years, some $300 billion in subsidies spent annually on nuclear- and fossil-based power has eclipsed by four times the amount spent on renewable (World Council for Renewable Energy, 2002, p. 8). Moreover, with the Bush Administration's rejection of the Kyoto Protocol in 2001, the world's largest greenhouse gas emitter, the U.S., did not undertake formal commitments for emissions reduction, signaling instead its support for voluntary measures to decrease the greenhouse gas "intensity" of certain industrial sectors (White House, 2005a). The federal government also failed to enact a renewable portfolio standard requiring growing shares of energy over time to be generated from renewable sources, even though such bills were submitted repeatedly to the U.S. Congress (Byrne, Hughes, Rickerson, & Kurdgelashvili, 2007).
More recently, the Obama Administration has taken steps to mandate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions at U.S. power plants, factories, and refineries. Approved by the Energy and Commerce Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives in May2009, proposed legislation -- if ultimately enacted and signed into law -- would target a 17% cut in emissions by 2020 from 2005, and an 83% cut by 2050, supported by a cap-and-trade system (Committee on Energy & Commerce, 2009). Meanwhile, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, which became law in February 2009, set aside some $60 billion for clean and alternative energy (White House, 2009a).
With such measures representing relatively recent steps toward energy sustainability at the national level, the last decade has witnessed a growing trend among many U.S. states and cities to fill the policy vacuum left by the federal government (Byrne et al., 2007). As of June 2006, some 29 U.S. states plus the District of Columbia had
Acid Rain -- a Contemporary World Problem. Retrieved at http://www.geocities.com/narilily/acidrain.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Acid Rain: Do you need to start wearing a rain hat? Retrieved at http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/acidrain.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Barney, Gerald O. The Whole World in Our Hands. SF Chronicle. 31 December, 2000. Retrieved at http://www.mindfully.org/Sustainability/in-Our-Hands.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Bryant, Peter J. Biodiversity and Conservation: A Hypertext Book. Retrieved at http://darwin.bio.uci.edu/~sustain/bio65/lec05/b65lec05.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Deneen, Sally. Paradise Lost: America's Disappearing Wetlands. Retrieved at http://www.emagazine.com/view/?825Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Draft PBT National Action Plan for Mercury. U.S. EPA Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic Pollutants (PBT) Program. 1998. Retrieved at http://www.epa.gov/pbt/hgaction.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Eilperin, Juliet. Most U.S. Fresh Water Fish Contain Toxic Levels of Mercury. The Washington Post. August 4, 2004. Retrieved at http://www.organicconsumers.org/Toxic/fish-mercury.cfmAccessed on 3 February, 2005
Endangered and Threatened Species. Retrieved at http://www.epa.gov/espp/coloring/especies.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Endangered Forests: Endangered Freedoms. National Protect Alliance.
Retrieved at http://www.endangeredforests.org/report/10_me_2003_opt.pdf. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Endangered Species: What Does it Mean to Be Endangered?. Retrieved at http://www.animaland.org/asp/realissues/endangered.asp. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Global Warming. August 16, 2004. Retrieved at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/04_33/b3896001_mz001.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Helfrich, L.A; Smith, Stephen a. Fish Kills: Their Causes and Prevention. September 2000. Retrieved at http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/fisheries/420-252/420-252.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Hinrichsen, Don. Coasts in Crisis. September 1995. Retrieved at http://www.aaas.org/international/ehn/fisheries/hinrichs.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Many U.S. Industry Giants Ignoring Global Warming. 10 July, 2003. Retrieved at http://www.rense.com/general38/ig.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Mercury Contamination of Aquatic Ecosystems. U.S. Geological survey. Retrieved at http://water.usgs.gov/wid/FS_216-95/FS_216-95.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Natural Causes of Fish Kills in Top End Water Ways. Retrieved at http://www.deh.gov.au/ssd/publications/erissnotes/pubs/fish-kills.pdf. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Nearly 16,000 species threatened with extinction. November 18, 2004. Retrieved at http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/11/17/1100574544344.html?from=storylhsAccessed on 3 February, 2005
Preserve Planet Earth Program. Retrieved at http://racjb.tripod.com/rotaract/id33.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Protecting threatened and vulnerable species in Quebec. Retrieved at http://www.menv.gouv.qc.ca/biodiversite/especes/protection/index-en.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Protecting threatened species. Digital Reference Guide. Retrieved at http://www.snvworld.org/cds/rgSFB/Biodiversity/protecting%20threatened%20species.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Rainforest Facts. Retrieved at http://www.rain-tree.com/facts.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
The Importance of Wetlands and the Impacts of Reservoir Development. Retrieved at http://oceanlink.island.net/oceanmatters/wetlands.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
The Lunar Clinic: For All Phases of a Woman's Health. Retrieved at http://www.thelunarclinic.com/WebSite/Policies.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Threatened and Endangered Species. Retrieved at http://www.sfrc.ufl.edu/Extension/ffws/tes.htm. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Water pollution in the Great Lakes. Retrieved at http://www.great-lakes.net/teach/pollution/water/water1.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Waugh, Joanna. Our Disappearing Wetlands. Retrieved at http://members.aol.com/JWaugh7596/wet1.html. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
What is Acid Rain and What Causes it? Almanac of Policy Issues. August 6, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.policyalmanac.org/environment/archive/acid_rain.shtml. Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Reece E. (2006) Lost Mountain: A year in the Vanishing Wilderness: Radical Strip Mining and the Devastation of Appalachia, Riverhead Books Publishers
Lasswell H. (2007) American Political Scientist