Unit Three Internet Research Assignment
(due at the end of week five)
Find five research quality* library Internet resources as detailed below dealing with the humanities.
Detailed explanation of library Internet research resources
Please put all five Internet resources in one document and submit as one assignment. Number your resources 1-5.
*A research quality resource would be one that would be good enough to use in a research paper. Referring to the reading material on writing a summary in chapter one of Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum should help you here.
An exploration of the humanities
Unit three will build a framework of understanding for the humanities. We are going to do that by exploring two primary examples. The first is a study of Michelangelo Buonarroti, more commonly known as just Michelangelo. Michelangelo might just be the most interdisciplinary person in human history. Most of us know him as a painter and sculptor, but he was much more.
The second humanities example we will focus on will be linear pespectives in art
. We'll examine how painting during the Renaissance changed art
forever when mathmatical perspective geometry was applied.
After completing this unit, students will be able to:
Have a thorough understanding of the Renaissance and it's impacts on society and technology.
Have a thorough understanding of the interdisciplinary skills and abilities of Michelangelo Buonarroti and be able to critically analyze whether the world is producing people with the same level and variety of interdisciplinary skills.
Define and understand what the humanities are.
Understand and explain why employers like interdisciplinary studies majors
Required Text Book Readings
Please read chapters five, six, and seven of Becoming Interdisciplinary.
Read chapter six of Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum which focuses on analysis.
Read pages 780-782 of Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum on MLA documentation basics.
What do we mean by the Humanities?
Think of the humanities as studying the works of the human race. Nature does not create music, literature, languages, ethical codes, and the like. Nature also does not create automobiles. The study of the design of automobiles or the history of the automobile would be included in the humanities. The study of how to make an automobile run, however, would not normally be considered as one of the humanities because it is a practical skill.
In colleges of fine arts
there is normally a division between skills courses and humanities courses. The skills courses develop a person's performing talent; the humanities courses develop their skills at interpreting performances.
Naturally, these things are interrelated. An historian of the flute would benefit from knowing how to play, even if she only wanted to write about flute history. A flautist might benefit in performing a piece by Vivaldi by studying the history of the style. A similar example might be seen in the difference between what you have to know to make a film and what you have to know to review one. Again, there may be overlap. Knowing how to edit a movie (a skill) might help you in becoming a more knowledgeable reviewer.
What subjects are usually included in the humanities?
The subjects normally included in (but not limited to) the humanities are art
history, literature, languages, history, music, philosophy, theology, classics, folklore, theatre, dance, painting, sculpting, and ethics.
Critical Thinking Zone - Humanities food for thought
One of the primary goals of the College of Liberal Studies is to improve your critical thinking skills as you work your way through these courses and the program. Finely tuned critical thinking skills can be a plus in any walk of life, at any stage of life.
Here are examples of the kinds of questions that humanities scholars are currently asking and exploring through research:
History - What makes a peice of art
valuable? (Worth $1 million+ at auction)?
Literature - What makes William Shakespeare's literature timeless?
Philosophy - Who might be considered one of the greatest philosophers of all time?
Classical Music - Who might be considered on of the greatest classical composers of all time?
Architecture - Why is Frank Lloyd Wright considered one of the greatest architects?
Humanities examples to contemplate and explore
Below are some examples in the humanities. They are here for you to explore and help you understand the humanities better.
Exploring the interdisciplinary world of Michelangelo Buonarroti
Humanities - Michelangelo Buonarroti was a Master Sculptor. While still in his twenties he sculpted the statue of David.
Sculptures Until 1501
Sculptures After 1501
Humanities - Michelangelo Buonarroti was a Master Painter. While only in his thirties he painted the entire 10,000 square feet of the Sistine Chapel.
More of the Sistine Chapel
Other Paintings by Michelangelo
Humanities & Natural Sciences - Michelangelo Buonarroti was a Master Architect and Engineer. He was the primary architect and engineer when St. Peter's was rebuilt in the 1500's. He devoloped an architectural style that is still with us today. The large dome spanning the entire width of the St. Peter's is found on capital buildings throughout the world.
Natural Sciences - Michelangelo Buonarroti had an extensive knowledge of Human Anatomy that matched any doctor of his time. Take a close look at the background “shell” that surrounds God in his famous panel “The Creation of Adam” from the Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo painted this background in the shape of a human brain to represent God’s perfect knowledge. The image of this brain has been analyzed by a modern medical computer. So meticulous was Michelangelo that this image was found to have the “perfect” dimensions and proportions of an anatomically correct human brain. Click here for more details.
Master sculptor, painter, engineer, and architect with a doctor’s knowledge of anatomy.
Michelangelo just may have been the most interdisciplinary person of all time. He could move freely between the creative side of his brain and the mathmetical/scientific side. Why isn’t the world producing people like Michelangelo anymore? Imagine today if one person were contracted to be the architect and engineer on a presidential library, painted 10,000 square feet of that president's accomplishments on the walls and ceilings of the entry way of that library, then sculpted a 15 foot tall marble statue of that President. In addition, that same person would have a doctor's knowledge of anatomy on the side. No person like this exists in the world today.
Are we too dismissive of exploring this kind of genius today? Do we just tend to say that “he was a genius” and not challenge ourselves to use more of our own skills and abilities? Could interdisciplinarity be part of the answer? Was Michelangelo was capable of so much because he approached the world in such an interdisciplinary way?
History - Linear perspective in art
Below is an art
history example for you to contemplate and explore. Because there is so much to cover in the humanities, we will be focusing on an art
history example to see if we can identify any changes that might affect the social sciences or natural sciences. This example is here for you to explore and to help you understand the humanities better.
In the early days of humankind, paintings and art
work were two-dimensional. It had height and width, but no depth (linear perspective). Everything was painted as a flat object. Closer images were painted larger and distant images were painted smaller.
Here are some examples:
In this depiction above, of an Egyptian funeral procession, notice how everything is flat and two-dimensional.
In this painting of a Chinese woman, she is nearly as big as the trees. Again, everything is flat and two dimensional.
In this 13th century European painting, the people are almost as big as the buildings.
The Emergence of Linear Perspective in Art
Then all of the sudden something extraordinary happens in the history of art
. We get paintings like THIS!
In Raphael’s painting, The School of Athens, depth is represented just the way our eyes would see it in real life. Also, people are being painted with exacting detail. Linear perspective emerged right before or around the time of the Renaissance. Paintings are no longer two-dimensional, but three-dimensional.
Here is how they did it.
A geometric, almost mathematical component was added to painting. A “vanishing point” was identified on every canvas; all lines on the painting ended up at the vanishing point no matter where they started on the page. This technique made paintings three-dimensional.
Below is the vanishing point on The School of Athens
Watch this brief ten minute video on how one man, Filippo Brunelleschi, first came up with a method of using mirrors to create linear perspective in paintings. Later a man named Leone Battista Alberti wrote a book called "How to Paint" where he detailed a way to mathmatically use a geometric grid to create three dimensional paintings. This is an excellent interdisciplinary example of how science and art
Direct link to this video:
in the 1900's
What is interesting about art
is that as time moves forward, it is anything but linear. Look at the examples below to see how art
changed over time. Art
was affecting society and society was influencing art
Claude Monet, Water Lilies, 1916-1923
No linear perspective or exacting detail. Can this change in art
be considered a shift in art
? Does art
reflect society or does society change art
Pablo Picasso and Cubism
Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907
This was painted by Picasso in 1907? Notice this painting is back to two-dimensions with no linear perspective.
Jackson Pollock, Number 8, 1949
Can this be considered yet another shift in art
? How was society affected?
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