Essay Instructions: It is about abstract art. And it is about why i don't like abstract art.
I am ESL student so please keep it sample so i can understand everything.
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Essay Instructions: ART HUMANITIES
As much as meaning in representational art revolves around questions of our physical and ideal involvement in the work of art, it is always related to the subject matter of the work. In the absence of a visually represented subject matter, different questions will arise about the nature of meaning.
For this assignment, you are to compare five works. You will pick one work to focus on, but it will be the nexus through which your understanding of the various ways that abstract art reveals x (something about something) Remember that the job is to talk about these works, and not to speculate generally on the nature of twentieth century art or culture, etc. Do not try to see something in the work directly- abstract art, as much as it can refer to different things in different ways, does not do so directly through visual imitation. Your job is to suggest what it is that your painting is doing, how it is revealing something, and why abstraction was a better means of revealing it than direct imitation.
Since "abstraction" is a loose category, not all of these works are paintings, and none of them can be fit neatly into genres in the ways representational paintings can. Do your best to differentiate the forms abstract art can take- think about how the artist gets into the work (or doesn't), how the work forms our physical experience of it and the space around it, etc. A clue- think about how the handling of the material is reminiscent of that of a representational artist you've seen, and then think about what that handling is doing in the absence of a motif.
The Five Pieces of Art are:
1) Arshile Gorky- Agony 1947
2) Philip Guston- Untitled (waiting) 1972
3) Robert Motherwell- Open Number 17 (in Ultramarine with Charcoal Line) 1968
4) Barnett Newman- Vir Heroicus Sublimus 1950-1951
5) Robert Morris- Untitled 1968- Felt, asphalt, mirrors, wood, copper tubing, steel cable
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Essay Instructions: Here is an example of your paper which received a solid A. I would like to have a paper of this quality, preferably focusing on various film techniques for the movie "Run Lola Run" again.
Germany?s Golden Age in film and cinematography was short-lived, lasting from about 1919 to 1933 when Hitler took over the German film industry. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari rose to prominence during this period and continued to be an influential and seminal work of the German Expressionist era. Upon cursory examination, one might argue that it is just one of the mediocre silent, horror genres, which is unworthy of watching. However, it is truly an exemplary and representative film during the Golden age of German Expressionism. It is important to notice that various film techniques are used to depict an insane world. Through the use of narrative, mise-en-scene, and lighting and filming techniques and surprising twist at the end, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari successfully depicts a world of madness, murder, and deceit.
To give a bit of overview, German artists, including filmmakers, believed that the ?world might look crazy because someone sees it that way or because it is that way, burdened with wordless meaning? (Mast & Kawin, 149). This concept and the techniques that were created to express these artists? thoughts and beliefs were soon dubbed Expressionism. German Expressionism employed several experimental, innovative techniques that helped to create a distinctive cinematic style and genre. These techniques and approaches include the use of chiaroscuro, or light and dark element; rahmenhandlung, or framing the narrative; expressionismus und film in which set design is meant to reflect the metaphysical and psychological state of characters; using depth to describe both the character and setting; the use of latent physiognomy; using animating objects; using abstractism to create distortion; using character styling and costuming; and the introduction and use of a doppelganger (Lindsey). A few of these top film techniques will be examined in depth to illustrate how these reflect the psychic of German people and historical background during 1920?s.
The first film technique that conveys the sense of insanity is chiaroscuro. It can be defined as ?the artistic arrangement of light and dark elements in a shot or in any pictorial composition? (Mast & Kawin, 679). In The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, the use of chiaroscuro is exemplified through the use of abnormally extended shadows. In addition, lighting is used to create an uneasy feeling. It is interesting to note that this film was shot entirely indoors and was devoid of any natural light; because the film is devoid of sunlight, shadows that would normally be created by the sun have been painted onto the set pieces (Mast & Kawin, 151). Chiaroscuro is also used as in order to advance the film?s narrative. For example, when Alan is killed by Dr. Caligari and Cesare, his actual murder is not described directly, but rather the film implies that he was murdered by casting shadows against the wall that shows the altercation. Furthermore, chiaroscuro is an effective technique that is used because the play between lightness and darkness, which symbolizes the antagonism between good and evil, reality and fantasy, and sanity and insanity. This contrasting effect of chiaroscuro is useful in depicting a world of insanity.
Rahmenhandlung is another method in which the narrative is told and how it is framed within the film. This is especially important as the story has to be told without the aid of sound. In silent movies, framing is easier to understand than that in sound movies due to the use of title cards between scenes. The title cards also help to separate the narratives within the film. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari?s narrative is told from the perspective of an insane asylum patient who fantasized that the entire story actually occurred. However, the end of the film reveals that it is just a figment of his imagination and that he is, in fact, not a reliable source of information (The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari). Since it is a silent movie, set design and caption are two important elements of narrating the story. The film shows the psychological state of Caligari with specific caption and set design as shown by strangely distorted walls and doors, fearful make-up of actors, maze-like streets, unevenly spaced stairs, and tall, tilted buildings of steeples. The film emphasizes such distortion of reality and insane world in one particular scene, when Alan reads the murder announcement on the wall, where Francis reads the placard on the wall of the insane asylum. It is interesting to note that Robert Wiene, the director of the film, inserted the caption ?DO MUSST CALIGARI WERDE? which means ?must become Caligari?. This unique caption is essentially a tool for showing the story is purely coming from Francis? delusion.
Another important film concept is the inspiration for the mise-en-scene in the film. The manner in which the set is constructed with its slanted lines and abstract art contribute to the feeling of uneasy and uncanny. Furthermore, because many elements are forced into a single shot or scene, the film creates a claustrophobic feeling. These elements help to create an aura of anxiety to the viewer. The latent physiognomy within the film is a product of Francis? imagination. The entire world where the events of his narrative take place is being depicted as distorted and abstract because of his false imagination. The film?s unnatural d?cor extends to the ?painted shadows on streets and stairs; the irregular, nonperpendicular chimneys, doors, and windows; the exaggerated heights of the furniture; and the boldly painted make-up? (Mast & Kawin, 151). It is worth pointing out that Dr. Caligari and Cesare are the only characters who have their faces covered with make-ups to indicate that they are sinister. These characters? make-up and costume help to separate them from the other characters within the film, which imply that they are behind all the chaos that has been afflicting the town. In addition, Expressionistic production set design plays a tremendous role in depicting the mood of 1920?s in Germany - the skepticism and hopelessness immediately after the World War I. For instance, the fact that police officers and other authority figures sit in unusually high chair in the film shows the historical consensus of how little respect the Germans have toward the authority and high class members in the Weimar Republic after the doomed ending of the war.
Last technique is the use of doppelgangers, which is any double or look-alike of a person. Doppelganger is possibly the most important element in the film?s narrative. In The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari there are two distinct worlds that can be analyzed; each world has the same characters, yet they behave in completely different ways. For example, in Francis? narrative, he is a protagonist and victim of Dr. Caligari. He believes Dr. Caligari is an evil force who manipulates Cesare to murder people, including his friend Alan, and the object of his affections, Jane. In reality, Dr. Caligari is not an evil man, but instead the director of the insane asylum where Francis is a patient. The characters in Francis? tale, with the exception of Dr. Caligari, are fellow patients. Also paralleled in Francis? tale is how he sees the world. While everything depicted in his tale is reflected in an abstract, distorted, and slanted world, the ?real? world is calm, structured, and devoid of dark shadows and the dangers that may be lurking behind each corner. The use of doppelganger is a perfect strategy since it contrasts sanity and insanity effectively.
German Expressionism was not only a major influence on Germany?s Golden Age of film, but also helped to inspire and define French and American film noir, which comes decade later. Film noir took many of the expressionist techniques and tropes to create feelings of anxiety and uncertainty. The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari is a definitive work of the German Golden Age of film, as well as a landmark German Expressionism. Furthermore, German Expressionist film does more than just convey a story ? it reflects the psychic of the contemporary people and the mood of post World War I period. Of course, there were many extreme skeptics of cinema at this time. For one, Wilhelm Stapel, who published Homo Cinematicus in 1919, warns those who watch this film. He might argue that there is an enormous danger in cinema as it distorts psychic of growing people. However, his argument is not persuasive enough if someone considers The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari. It is not an exaggeration to state the films that are made in this style are true works of art due to their elaborate sets, lighting techniques, and cinematographical effects.
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Essay Instructions: Unit Three Internet Research Assignment
(due at the end of week five)
Find five research quality* library Internet resources as detailed below dealing with the humanities.
Detailed explanation of library Internet research resources
Please put all five Internet resources in one document and submit as one assignment. Number your resources 1-5.
*A research quality resource would be one that would be good enough to use in a research paper. Referring to the reading material on writing a summary in chapter one of Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum should help you here.
An exploration of the humanities
Unit three will build a framework of understanding for the humanities. We are going to do that by exploring two primary examples. The first is a study of Michelangelo Buonarroti, more commonly known as just Michelangelo. Michelangelo might just be the most interdisciplinary person in human history. Most of us know him as a painter and sculptor, but he was much more.
The second humanities example we will focus on will be linear pespectives in art. We'll examine how painting during the Renaissance changed art forever when mathmatical perspective geometry was applied.
After completing this unit, students will be able to:
Have a thorough understanding of the Renaissance and it's impacts on society and technology.
Have a thorough understanding of the interdisciplinary skills and abilities of Michelangelo Buonarroti and be able to critically analyze whether the world is producing people with the same level and variety of interdisciplinary skills.
Define and understand what the humanities are.
Understand and explain why employers like interdisciplinary studies majors
Required Text Book Readings
Please read chapters five, six, and seven of Becoming Interdisciplinary.
Read chapter six of Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum which focuses on analysis.
Read pages 780-782 of Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum on MLA documentation basics.
What do we mean by the Humanities?
Think of the humanities as studying the works of the human race. Nature does not create music, literature, languages, ethical codes, and the like. Nature also does not create automobiles. The study of the design of automobiles or the history of the automobile would be included in the humanities. The study of how to make an automobile run, however, would not normally be considered as one of the humanities because it is a practical skill.
In colleges of fine arts there is normally a division between skills courses and humanities courses. The skills courses develop a person's performing talent; the humanities courses develop their skills at interpreting performances.
Naturally, these things are interrelated. An historian of the flute would benefit from knowing how to play, even if she only wanted to write about flute history. A flautist might benefit in performing a piece by Vivaldi by studying the history of the style. A similar example might be seen in the difference between what you have to know to make a film and what you have to know to review one. Again, there may be overlap. Knowing how to edit a movie (a skill) might help you in becoming a more knowledgeable reviewer.
What subjects are usually included in the humanities?
The subjects normally included in (but not limited to) the humanities are art, art history, literature, languages, history, music, philosophy, theology, classics, folklore, theatre, dance, painting, sculpting, and ethics.
Critical Thinking Zone - Humanities food for thought
One of the primary goals of the College of Liberal Studies is to improve your critical thinking skills as you work your way through these courses and the program. Finely tuned critical thinking skills can be a plus in any walk of life, at any stage of life.
Here are examples of the kinds of questions that humanities scholars are currently asking and exploring through research:
Art History - What makes a peice of art valuable? (Worth $1 million+ at auction)?
Literature - What makes William Shakespeare's literature timeless?
Philosophy - Who might be considered one of the greatest philosophers of all time?
Classical Music - Who might be considered on of the greatest classical composers of all time?
Architecture - Why is Frank Lloyd Wright considered one of the greatest architects?
Humanities examples to contemplate and explore
Below are some examples in the humanities. They are here for you to explore and help you understand the humanities better.
Exploring the interdisciplinary world of Michelangelo Buonarroti
Humanities - Michelangelo Buonarroti was a Master Sculptor. While still in his twenties he sculpted the statue of David.
Sculptures Until 1501
Sculptures After 1501
Humanities - Michelangelo Buonarroti was a Master Painter. While only in his thirties he painted the entire 10,000 square feet of the Sistine Chapel.
More of the Sistine Chapel
Other Paintings by Michelangelo
Humanities & Natural Sciences - Michelangelo Buonarroti was a Master Architect and Engineer. He was the primary architect and engineer when St. Peter's was rebuilt in the 1500's. He devoloped an architectural style that is still with us today. The large dome spanning the entire width of the St. Peter's is found on capital buildings throughout the world.
Natural Sciences - Michelangelo Buonarroti had an extensive knowledge of Human Anatomy that matched any doctor of his time. Take a close look at the background “shell” that surrounds God in his famous panel “The Creation of Adam” from the Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo painted this background in the shape of a human brain to represent God’s perfect knowledge. The image of this brain has been analyzed by a modern medical computer. So meticulous was Michelangelo that this image was found to have the “perfect” dimensions and proportions of an anatomically correct human brain. Click here for more details.
Master sculptor, painter, engineer, and architect with a doctor’s knowledge of anatomy.
Michelangelo just may have been the most interdisciplinary person of all time. He could move freely between the creative side of his brain and the mathmetical/scientific side. Why isn’t the world producing people like Michelangelo anymore? Imagine today if one person were contracted to be the architect and engineer on a presidential library, painted 10,000 square feet of that president's accomplishments on the walls and ceilings of the entry way of that library, then sculpted a 15 foot tall marble statue of that President. In addition, that same person would have a doctor's knowledge of anatomy on the side. No person like this exists in the world today.
Are we too dismissive of exploring this kind of genius today? Do we just tend to say that “he was a genius” and not challenge ourselves to use more of our own skills and abilities? Could interdisciplinarity be part of the answer? Was Michelangelo was capable of so much because he approached the world in such an interdisciplinary way?
Art History - Linear perspective in art
Below is an art history example for you to contemplate and explore. Because there is so much to cover in the humanities, we will be focusing on an art history example to see if we can identify any changes that might affect the social sciences or natural sciences. This example is here for you to explore and to help you understand the humanities better.
In the early days of humankind, paintings and art work were two-dimensional. It had height and width, but no depth (linear perspective). Everything was painted as a flat object. Closer images were painted larger and distant images were painted smaller.
Here are some examples:
In this depiction above, of an Egyptian funeral procession, notice how everything is flat and two-dimensional.
In this painting of a Chinese woman, she is nearly as big as the trees. Again, everything is flat and two dimensional.
In this 13th century European painting, the people are almost as big as the buildings.
The Emergence of Linear Perspective in Art
Then all of the sudden something extraordinary happens in the history of art. We get paintings like THIS!
In Raphael’s painting, The School of Athens, depth is represented just the way our eyes would see it in real life. Also, people are being painted with exacting detail. Linear perspective emerged right before or around the time of the Renaissance. Paintings are no longer two-dimensional, but three-dimensional.
Here is how they did it.
A geometric, almost mathematical component was added to painting. A “vanishing point” was identified on every canvas; all lines on the painting ended up at the vanishing point no matter where they started on the page. This technique made paintings three-dimensional.
Below is the vanishing point on The School of Athens
Watch this brief ten minute video on how one man, Filippo Brunelleschi, first came up with a method of using mirrors to create linear perspective in paintings. Later a man named Leone Battista Alberti wrote a book called "How to Paint" where he detailed a way to mathmatically use a geometric grid to create three dimensional paintings. This is an excellent interdisciplinary example of how science and art work together.
Direct link to this video:
Art in the 1900's
What is interesting about art is that as time moves forward, it is anything but linear. Look at the examples below to see how art changed over time. Art was affecting society and society was influencing art.
Claude Monet, Water Lilies, 1916-1923
No linear perspective or exacting detail. Can this change in art be considered a shift in art? Does art reflect society or does society change art?
Pablo Picasso and Cubism
Picasso, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, 1907
This was painted by Picasso in 1907? Notice this painting is back to two-dimensions with no linear perspective.
Jackson Pollock, Number 8, 1949
Can this be considered yet another shift in art? How was society affected?
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