19th Century Art Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for 19th Century Art College Essay Examples

Title: Ho Women are Portrayed in Late 19th Century Art

  • Total Pages: 34
  • Words: 9385
  • Sources:10
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: We will pay a lot more for this order.

Must be written in the style of times new roman, font size 12 and double spaced.
every source must be properly documented using the MLA style for bibliography and parenthetical documentation and footnoted if needed
there should also be a nice amount of quotes
the paper should be focused on the thesis and conclusions based on analysis of paintings and research.
All paintings that are cited in the paper must be properly annotated and the actual paintings must all be shown on a separate page(s) after the bibliography
the topic of the paper is How Women are portrayed in Late 19th century Art- specifically focusing on the paintings of Women of John Singer Sargent and James Abbott McNeal Whistler.
Topics that should be included in the paper but its not limited to are:
two paragraphs citing the thesis
How women are portrayed in paintings in general b4 the nineteenth century
History of Portrait paintings (specifically women) of this time period
A brief biography of both John Singer Sargent and James Abbott McNeal Whistler
Critically analyze a few of sargents paintings of women (be sure to include Madame x)
Critically analyze a few paintings of whistler
compare and contrast them in terms of style
conclusions based on research and analyzed material
books that might be Helpful:
angels of art (is specifically on the topic of women in late nineteenth century art)
Portraiture by Shearer West
John S. Sargent by The Hon. Evan Charteris, K.C.
James McNeil Whistler by Hilary Taylor
James Abbott McNeil Whistler by John Walker
John Singer Sargent by Elaine Kilmurray and Richard Ormond
John Singer Sargent by Patricia Hills
Whistler, Women and Fashion by Margaret MacDonald, Susan Grace Galassi, and Aileen Ribeiro
Whistler by Pierre Cabanne

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Works Cited

Banta, Martha. Imaging American Women: Idea and Ideals in Cultural History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Clements, Candace. (1992) "The Academy and the Other: Les Graces and Le Genre Galant." Eighteenth-Century Studies 25(4):469-94 in Lathers at 23.

Danto, Arthur C. (1986, December 13). "John Singer Sargent." The Nation 243:679.

Downes, William Howe. John S. Sargent: His Life and Work. Boston: Little, Brown, 1925.

Fabulous Faces; Dulwich Gallery Has Scored a Coup with Its New Show of Artists' Self-Portrait from the Uffizi's Sublime Collection." (2007, May 18). The Evening Standard (London):37.

Foreman, Jonathan, Florence King, Anthony Lejeune, Dennis Prager and John Simon. (1999, March 22). "Books, Arts & Manners: God & His Enemies." National Review 51(5):51.

Gale, Robert L. The Gay Nineties in America: A Cultural Dictionary of the 1890s. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Goode, Stephen. (1999, March 29). "Saluting Sargent." Insight on the News 15(12):39.

Gregory, Horace. The World of James McNeill Whistler. New York: Nelson, 1959.

Gundle, Stephen. (1999). "Mapping the Origins of Glamour: Giovanni Boldini, Paris and the Belle Epoque." Journal of European Studies 29(3):269.

James McNeill Whistler: An Exhibition of Paintings and Other Works. London Arts Council of Great Britain, 1960.

Jones, Susan. Conrad and Women. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.

Julius, Muriel. (1995). "England at Last Honours Whistler's Art." Contemporary Review 266(1548):19.

Keener, Frederick M. And Susan E. Lorsch. Eighteenth-Century Women and the Arts. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Lathers, Marie. "The Social Construction and Deconstruction of the Female Model in 19th- Century France." Mosaic 29(2):23.

Leja, Michael. (1996). "Modernism's Subjects in the United States." Art Journal 55(2):65.

Mann, Emily. (2002, July 1). "Face Value: Emily Mann on the 18th-Century Equivalent of the Celebrity Photo-Shoot." New Statesman 131(4594):42.

Neil, Lian and Scott Burkett. (2007). "James Whistler: White Girl - the Making of a Masterpiece." [Online]. Available: http://www.wetcanvas.com/Museum/Artists/w/James_Whistler/white_girl.html.

Nochlin, Linda. The Politics of Vision: Essays on Nineteenth-Century Art and Society. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Parkes, Adam. (2000). "A Sense of Justice: Whistler, Ruskin, James, Impressionism." Victorian Studies 42(4):616.

Pointon, Marcia. Strategies for Showing: Women, Possession, and Representation in English Visual Culture, 1665-1800. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Pyne, Kathleen. (2006). "Response: On Feminine Phantoms Mother, Child, and Woman-Child." The Art Bulletin 88(1):44.

Sartorius, Tara Cady. (2005, March). "Who's Who?" Arts & Activities 137(2):26-27.

Schnberger, Arno and Halldor Soehner. The Rococo Age: Art and Civilization of the 18th Century. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960.

Solomon-Godeau, Abigail. (1993). "Male Trouble: A Crisis in Representation." Art History 16(2):286-312 in Lathers at 23.

Sweet, Frederick a. Sargent, Whistler and Mary Cassatt. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1954.

Warner, Malcolm. (1997, Spring). "Signs of the Times." The Wilson Quarterly 21(2):16.

Appendix a Representative Graphics and Selected Portraits

Figure 1. Jean-Baptiste Vanmour, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Her Son (National Portrait Gallery, London.)

Source: Keener and Lorsch at 164.

Figure 2. Franz Xaver Winterhalter, the First of May, 1851 Oil on canvas, 42" x 51"

Royal Collection, Windsor.

Source: http://www.andrewcusack.com/1may1.jpg

Figure 3. Two Girls in White Dresses by John Singer Sargent, 1909-11.

Source: http://www.1st-art-gallery.com/thumbnail/70706/2/Two-Girls-in-White-Dresses.jpg

Figure ____. John Singer Sargent. Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau), 1884, Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Source: http://www.abcgallery.com/S/sargent/sargent14.JPG

Figure 5. John Singer Sargent, "Miss Elsie Palmer" (1890).

Source: Banta at 132.

Figure 6. Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth, John Singer Sargent, Tate Gallery, London, Oil on canvas, 221 x 114.3 cm.

Source: http://www.authorama.com/files/19th-century-actor-autobiographies/ellen-terry.jpg

Figure ____. Mrs. Wilton Phipps, John Singer Sargent, c.1884, Private collection, Oil on canvas

88.9 x 57.15 cm (35 x 22.5 in.)

Source: http://jssgallery.org/Paintings/Mrs_Wilton_Phips.jpg

Figure 7. James Whistler, the White Girl, 1861.

Source: http://www.wetcanvas.com/Museum/Artists/w/James_Whistler/white_girl.html

Figure 8. James Whistler, Symphony in White, No. 2: The Little White Girl, 1864-5, Oil on canvas 76.5 x 51.1 cm (30 1/8 x 20 1/8 in), Tate Gallery, London.

Source: http://www.artchive.com/artchive/W/whistler/whistler_symphony_white2.jpg.html

Figure 9. James Abbott McNeill Whistler. Arrangement in Gray and Black No. 1: Portrait of the Artist's Mother, 1871, Oil on canvas. Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France.

Source: http://www.abcgallery.com/W/whistler/whistler37.html

Portrayal of Women in Late 19th Century Art

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Title: Write 1 four page answer to two of the following questions below

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 3047
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Choose TWO of the following questions to answer. In each of your answers be sure to include: a discussion of at least 4 artists (at least 1 non-French) and at least 6 artworks (at least 3 of which must date before 1850, and 3 of which after 1850). Make sure you spell the artists' names correctly and have the correct titles and dates for the paintings. You may discuss the artworks in terms of form and/or content, depending on what is appropriate. Make sure you contextualize your discussion with specific references to social, political, and/or cultural conditions at the time the works were produced. You may conduct outside research for your answers, but do no need to use citations, unless you quote directly, in which case include the source of your quote (both the person and the book/page). Keep quotes very short as they detract from your discussion. Do not plagarize, because I have read most of the 19th century literature, and plagarizing will result in a grade of 0, regardless of how brilliant other are. Make sure your essays are fact-filled, well-organized, with all points thoroughly explained. You will be graded on content, coherence, persuasiveness, and writing (grammar, spelling, syntax).

Write 1 four page (ca. 1000 word) answer to 2 of the following questions: Make sure to specify the question you are choosing!
1) Artists as reformers. According to Leo Tolstoy and others, the true role of the artist is to educate and reform society through their art. Beginning with the 18th century, explain how artists accomplish this.
2) Nostalgia for the past. The late 18th and 19th century was an era of revivals. From the Neoclassical works of David to the medieval influence on the Synthetists, various styles of the past appealed to Europeans for a variety of reasons. Discuss the general reasons for this nostalgia and then specific instances of it, in terms of artists and movements.
3) Development of Modernism. Both in form and content, Modernism began to develop during the 19th century. Modernist content can be interpreted as representing one's own time or subject matter that comes from 'within' and modernist form can be interpreted as the awareness of the artificiality of the art making process and an interest in the independent expressive qualities of form and color, and as technical experimentation. Chosing EITHER form or content, trace the development of Modernism in 19th century art.
4) Search for Truth. Enlightenment ideals inspired philosophers, scientists, and artists to search for, reveal, and study the TRUTH. Select artists who represent different aspects of this search and explain how it is manifested in the works they produced, and why this search was important in the context of the historical moment.
5) Attitudes toward tradition. By 1800, art academies, with their reverence for the classical past, had dominated artist education for a century. Some artists embraced tradition, some wanted to update it while upholding its ideals,others rejected it. Chose at least one artist from each of these three categories and explain how their works exemplified these various goals, and explain the reasons for their preferences in the context of the time.
6) Urbanization and Industrialization. Europe transformed from an agrarian, rural to an industrial, urban society during the course of the 19th century. This radical social and economic shift had a tremendous impact on all aspects of cultural life. Explain the shifts that occurred and how they affected the subjects, forms, and styles of art produced during the century.
For all of your statements, make sure you explain why your statement is true or valid.

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Title: Impressionism

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 677
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This research paper's main topic is "Significance of Claude Monet's painting called 'Impression' towards 19th century art movement impressionism." The painting is very famous. It is the one with sunrise on the water and this painting is supposed to be the first start of the whole impressionism movement in 19th century art. Even though the paper is short, it HAS TO HAVE 5 SOURCES. Of that 5 sources, 2 could be from the internet, but the other 3 sources MUST BE FROM BOOKS. So, 2 internet sources and 3 books total. No textbooks or encyclopedia please. PLEASE ATTACH BIBLIOGRAPHY AT THE END WITH MLA FORMAT. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me at ''. Thank you.

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Works Cited:

Works Cited

Herbert, Robert. Impressionism: Art, Leisure, and Parisian Society. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991.

Kelder, Diane. The Great Book of French Impressionists. New York: Abbeville Press, 2000.

Pioch, Nicolas. "Impressionism." 14 Oct 2004. Web Art: Paris.


Pioch, Nicolas. "Impression: Soleil Levant" 14 Oct 2004. Web Art: Paris. http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/monet/first/impression/

Wilson, Claire. In the Gardens of Impressionism. Glasgow: Vendome Press, 2004.

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