Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, or OCD, Is Research Paper

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Here is what is known for now: Patients who are found to have OCD generally display symptoms along the lines of having compulsions, obsessions, doubting, hyper-vigilance and the need to control their environment. No one is completely certain what it is that causes OCD, although there are two trains of thought on the matter. Some people believe that OCD is a psychological disorder and others believe that it is a problem with abnormalities in the brain. OCD is treated through CBT, pharmacotherapies and/or SSRIs. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is a far-reaching mental disorder. It can occur in any culture, race, gender or age group. However, the beliefs and activities performed within a culture may have an effect on the obsessions and/or compulsions that are seen within the patients with OCD from that culture. Also, OCD may occur among both males and females but there are some differences among the two gender. The main difference being that males are more likely to have a childhood onset of the disorder, although females have a higher prevalence rate of OCD once they hit puberty.OCD also occurs among patients of all ages; however, there are a few differences between children and adults with OCD. Children with OCD differ from adult patients in symptom presentation, patterns of comorbidity, sex distribution, degree of insight, and etiopathogenesis.

WORKS CITED

BBC Science. "Causes of OCD." Retrieved November 15, 2011 from www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/mind/articles/disorders/causesofocd.shtml .

Dickel, Diane E., et al. (2006, July) "Association testing of the positional and functional candidate gene SLC1A1/EAAC1 in early-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder." Archives of General Psychology. 63:778-785.

Greenberg, William M. (2011, August 25) Medscape Reference. "Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Race preference in OCD." Retrieved November 27, 2011 from www.emedicine.medscape.com/article/1934139-overview#aw2aab6b2b5 .

Kalra, Simran K. And Susan E. Swedo. (2009, April 1) "Children with obsessive-compulsive disorder: are they just little adults?" The Journal of Clinical Investigation. 119(4):737-746.

Pallanti, Stefano. (2008, February 1) "Transcultural observations of obsessive-compulsive disorder." The American Journal of Psychiatry. 165(2):169-170.

Yaryura, Jose A. And Fugen A. Neziroglu. Obsessive-compulsive disorder spectrum: pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. American Psychiatric Press….....

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