Nursing Theory "Discuss Several Aspects of Professional Essay

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Nursing Theory

"Discuss several aspects of professional communication as it relates to the use of language in terms of form (e.g., clarity, accuracy) and content (culture and/or ethics)." (Question, 2014, p1).

Communication is the reciprocal process where messages are received and sent between two or more individuals. Communication involves exchange of ideas, or opinion, which could be in form oral or written form. On the other hand, communication involves a series of information or message that people send out or receive using senses such as touching, seeing and hearing. However, professional communication is a basic tool in the professional practice, and a professional communication is a formal relationship that must follow certain rules and norms in order to make it more impressive and readable by another person. Typically, quality of communication is very critical in enhancing clarity and accuracy of communication system. While the professional communication system is generally based on the organization culture and ethics, however, the content of professional communication must be simple, clear and written in formal language to enhance clarity and quality of the communication.

Professional communication is very critical in a healthcare profession because it enhances safe and effective healthcare delivery. While communication is a basic concept, however, communication failures could lead to a disastrous outcome between nurses and patients. Personal appearance starts with professional communication and personal appearance includes:


Facial expression and eye contact,

Movement and gestures,


Pace of walking,

Physical characteristics,



More importantly, personal appearance should complement pace of speaking, tone of voice, and other nonverbal components. Following are the components of professional communication:

Use of proper grammar,

Speak with a clear tone and voice,

Careful listening,

Preparing with pertinent information. (AMN Healthcare Education, 2012).

2. "What is the role of the Advanced Professional Nurse in creating an ethical practice environment? Being a Nurse Educator, Respond to this question based on my Advance Professional Nurse." (Question, 2014, p1).

Historically, ethics have been the primary focus of nursing profession. Since young nurses are required to follow the ethical guidelines in the professional practice, the advanced professional nurses are to play critical roles in enhancing ethical consideration in a professional setting. Thus, the roles of advanced professional nurse in enhancing ethical practice at clinical boundary are as follows:

To respect dignity of patients,

To deliver innovation and excellence in patient's care,

Delegating tasks appropriately,

Practicing good judgment,

Alleviating suffering,

Be attentive to patients' interests,

Work with nurse to enhance nursing practice and standard.

Moreover, the role of advanced professional nurses in a professional practice boundary is as follows:

Maintaining authenticity in all relationship between nurse-to-nurse relationships and nurse-physician relationship.

Evaluating and addressing issues such as impaired practice with patients, and nurse's acceptance of inappropriate gifts from patients.

At self-development and self-care boundary, an advanced professional nurse should:

Participate in self-care activities in order to maintain moral self-respect, competence and professional growth.

Advancing knowledge through professional practice, research and education.

Promoting healthy practice by participating in professional organizations in order to address ethical and unsafe issues in the community.

An advanced professional nurse should maintain confidentiality pertaining patients, and family information. (Butts, 2008).

3. "Discuss the value of nursing theory to the profession of nursing. Identify one way in which you could use nursing theory to improve your practice " (Question, 2014, p1).

Nursing theory is a set of interrelated definitions, statements and concepts that is predictive and explanatory in nature, propose to view a nursing phenomena, which assist in describing and explaining or predicting outcomes. Nursing theory guides professional conducts in nursing. Typically, nursing theory assists nursing professionals to understand patient's symptoms and care. Essentially, nursing practice is strengthened when it is built on a sound theory. Theory assists nurses in analyzing and organizing patient's data, which assist in understanding connection between patients' data. Moreover, nursing theory assists nursing professional in making a sound clinical judgment, which assists, in enhancing planning in nursing professional practice. Major benefit of nursing theory is that it assists in measuring quality of care within nursing practice. Moreover, nursing theory assists in building common terminology in communicating with other health professionals.

Alligood & Tomey (2002) argues that nursing theory provides a solid foundation for patient's diagnosis, assessment, and intervention. Typically, nursing theory provides a common ground to communicate between nursing practitioner and other healthcare professionals with respect to patient care. Other important value of nursing theory is that it solidifies nursing professionals as viable team member in order to deliver high quality healthcare.
Thus, nursing theory allows healthcare providers to deliver valuable inputs in carrying out patients' treatments.

4. "Read the AACN documents for essentials of baccalaureate vs. master's education and identify the competencies that reflect use of theory and knowledge. Compare and contrast the competences for baccalaureate and master's level." (Question, 2014, p1).

There are three types of educational pathways to become a registered nurse:

Three-year diploma in nursing

Four-year baccalaureate degree

Master degree in nursing.

A baccalaureate degree is the most common type of nursing programs that prepares students for a successful nursing career. However, a master level is an extensive program that focuses on specialized areas in nursing. The graduate of baccalaureate degree works as a registered nurse in varieties of medical environments, however, master degree graduate are trained to deliver teaching, supervisory, and administrative roles.

Master level nursing program is designed to cover wide divergence clinical requirements making a new graduate to achieve a direct care experience in child health, adult health and community health. Essentially, master education in nursing is designed to deliver notable goals of developing students in analytical skills, and understanding strategy to connect theory to practice with direct goals of developing scholars to generate new knowledge. Additionally, a master level nursing serves important function in developing students in advanced clinical function and management role. Moreover, the master program prepares students in research in nursing profession, which ultimately prepares students for doctoral degree.

Distinct different between baccalaureate and master degree in nursing is that students who graduate with baccalaureate degree are trained to work in hospitals and other medical fields. However, nurses with master degree could take managerial roles in health organizations.

5 ."Explain in your own words, the difference between the three paradigms: human needs, interactive, and unitary process. Which of these best fits your philosophy of nursing"? (Question, 2014, p1).

The human needs focuses on the reduction and identification of stressors with nursing interventions. The model also focuses on factors that cause diseases on human being. Typically, clients are perceived as bio-psychological beings that are in needs of nursing care and if accurate information is collected about the cause of the problems, the problem can be measured and reorganized. The model argues that clinical intervention is very critical for clients.

On the other hand, interactive process reveals the interaction between nurses and clients and/or between clients and the healthcare system. The Newman model views human being as interacting whole, which their problems may be multi-factorial. Thus, intervention is unpredictable because client's environment necessitates health interventions. While there may be an interaction between client's goal and respective environment, however, client's goal can only be met through interaction between clients and nurse.

Unitary process perceived human as an integral part of the universe, which shows that human beings are one and not divisible. The model also focuses on the manifestation of people, which enhances manifestation of human, and environments. The human model best fit the philosophy of nursing because human need focuses on the specific factors that cause disease on human being and identify the interventions that could be employed to reduce stressor on human. Unlike other models, the human need is effective in enhancing client health needs.

6 "Select one of the grand or middle-range nursing theories. How does the theory demonstrate evidence of the utilization of social, behavioral, or bioscience theories"? (Question, 2014, p1).

Self-care theory is an example of grand-range theory that comprises the activities performed independently by an individual to sustain health, life, and well-being. Similarly, self-care agency refers to the ability of an individual to perform self-care activities. On the other hand, self-care deficit refers to inability of a person to perform the self-care activities. To meet the self-care needs, nurses must intervene to meet the self-care needs of a person by acting supporting, teaching, guiding and providing an environment to promote self-care needs for patients. Essentially, the theory of nursing is basically centered on total care between education and advocacy. Thus, patients depend on nurse's self-care activities to meet their self-care needs. While patients can meet some of their self-care activities, however, they still need assistance of nurses to maintain health and well-being. For example, when patients have a large burn at part of their body, they may be unable to perform self-care activities. (Habel, 2010). Based on bioscience theories, when nurses deliver self-care to patients within an intensive self-care environment, a nurse is performing compensatory framework. Nurses who care for patients who have.....

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