Net Present Value (NPV) Decision Rule. Describe Essay

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Net Present Value (NPV) decision rule. Describe how is the NPV rule is related to a cost-benefit analysis, and how is it related to the Valuation Principle.

The Net Present Value decision rule basically states that an investment should be accepted if its net present value is greater than zero, but otherwise rejected. The NPV of an investment is the present value of its cash inflow minus the present value of its cash inflow. One may compute NPV by identifying all cash flows, determining and applying the discount rate, and summing all of the present values. The valuation principle looks at earnings, revenues, cash flow, equity, dividends, and subscribers in order to determine the value of company. This whole value is then divided by the number of shares in a company, to determine a per-share value.

Explain the implication the Law of One Price has for the price of a financial security.
Provide examples.

The Law of One Price is a theory that the price of a given item will have the same price when exchange rates are taken into consideration. This is particularly salient when the item is a security, commodity, or other traded asset. When the Law of One Price is not in existence, then there can be different prices in different arguments. Therefore, an arbitrageur can purchase in the cheaper market and sell in the higher market, to make a profit. Therefore, when there is no one price, and therefore no purchasing power parity, people can profit from arbitrage until the prices converge.

3 Discuss the importance of the Time Value of Money concept, and why cash flow in the future is worth less than the same amount today.

The Time Value of Money, also referred to as the present discounted value, is a….....

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