Kidney Failure the Kidneys Work Term Paper

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XV. Referral Plan patients with a Referral to a nephrologist is generally recommended for cute kidney failure "persistent estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2, progressive decline of kidney function, ratio of urine protein to creatinine greater than 100 mg/mmol (about 900 mg/24 h) or urine albumin to creatinine ratio greater than 60 mg/mmol (about 500 mg/24 h), inability to achieve treatment targets, or rapid changes in kidney function." (Levin, 2008)

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Guidance for Industry: Pharmokinetics in Patients with Impaired Renal Function - Study Design, Data Analysis, and Impact on Dosing and Labeling. U.S. Department of Health and Human Servicing. Clinical Pharmacology. 2010. Mar. Retrieved from:http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/UCM204959.pdf

Kathuria, P. (2012) Chronic Kidney Disease Treatment -- Self-Care at Home. eMedicine Health. Retrieved from: http://www.emedicinehealth.com/chronic_kidney_disease/page7_em.htm

Levin, Adeera (2008) Guidelines for the Management of Chronic Kidney Disease. Canadian Medical Association. Retrieved from: http://www.cmaj.ca/content/179/11/1154.full

Nurse Practitioner Clinical Guidelines (2012) ACT Health.
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Pottelbergh, GV et al. (2011) the Evolution of Renal Function and the Incidence of End-Stage Renal Disease in Patients aged ? 12. Nephrol. Dial, Transplant. 18 Nov 2011. Retrieved from: http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/11/18/ndt.gfr659.abstract

Stigant, C. et al. (2003) Nephrology: 4. Strategies for the Care of Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease. CMAJ June 10, 2003. Vo. 168. No.12 Retrieved from: http://www.cmaj.ca/content/168/12/1553.full?ijkey=d3c97bff4675f8afa2b51e72051b04d7b0343b7b&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Tests and Diagnosis - Acute Kidney Failure (2012) Mayo Clinical. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/kidney-failure/DS00280/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis

Workeneh, BT and Batuman, V. (2012) Acute Renal Failure Differential Diagnoses. Medscape. Drugs, Disease and Procedures. Retrieved from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/243492-differential.....

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