Environmental Pollution Phoenix, Arizona's Growing Term Paper

Total Length: 685 words ( 2 double-spaced pages)

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This initiative roughly costs $4.4 million when fully implemented (CDC, 2010). The city council should make sure that there are policies that promote walking and cycling to work by providing bicycle storage at public transportation stations, bus stops, and city car-share points. Authorities should also ensure that there are well-lighted cross-walks and signal timing. The cyclists and the pedestrians need to use the road and the intersections freely with the barriers removed particularly near public transportation intersections. There should be well lit sidewalks, shared-use paths, safe roadway crossing, and safe pedestrian and bicycling connections.

Authorities should come up with legislations that criminalize driving to work alone. This will encourage carpooling or even make private car owners to use public transport. This will significantly reduce the production of automobile emissions. Single occupancy vehicles make several trips to carry a big number of people to a given destination (CDC, 2010). Carpooling enhances initiatives towards air quality improvements. This initiative will cost city council authorities $2.8 million.

The City Council of Phoenix should promote the use of fuel efficient cars. This can cost them about $3.3 million.
Use of such cars improves air quality. Existing diesel vehicles should be fixed with pollution control measures that reduce emissions. Medium and heavy duty vehicles should be subjected frequent maintenance programs and inspection (CDC, 2010). Those intending to buy vehicles should be given incentives to purchase vehicles with technologies designed to control pollution.

References List

CDC. (2010). CDC Transportation Recommendations. Retrieved March 24, 2012 from http://www.cdc.gov/transportation/recommendation.htm

Escobedo, F. (2010). Urban Forests in Florida: Do they Reduce Air Pollution? Retrieved March 24, 2012 from http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fr184

Kuo, F.E. (2003). The role of arboriculture in healthy social ecology. Journal of Arboriculture

29(3), 148-155.

Nowak, D.J., Crane, D.E. & Stevens, J. (2006). Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in the United States. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 4, 115-123.

Scott, K.I., Simpson, J.R. & McPherson, E.G. (1999). Effects of tree cover on parking lot microclimate and vehicle emissions. Journal of Arboriculture. 25(3), 129-142.

Smith, W.H.….....

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